jeudi 7 novembre 2013

Rwanda: These women are the pride of the history of Rwanda.

The Poetess Nyirarumaga Nyiraruganzu.

         Originally from Gihogwe cya Jali, she becomes orphaned very young. In her youth, she hides mwami Ruganzu Ndori II (1510-1675) in his house to escape the assassins sent by Byinshi, his uncle, pretender to the throne and his nemesis. Discovered and surrounded on all sides, and on the advice of nyirarumaga, Ruganzu bare hands to dig a tunnel in the center of the house in which he escaped. This tunnel is known as the "Umwoobo w'Inyaga" in the history of Rwanda. Queen-Adoptive Mother and co-reigning of Mwami Ruganzu Ndori said Ruganzu-Mutabazi, one of the most famous kings of Rwanda considered the real founder of the Kingdom of Rwanda. According to tradition, the poetess founded the Chair of the Poets "Intebe y'abasizi" a Royal Institute whose objective was to promote and preserve the art of poetic composition "Gusiga". Herself consists of a number of poems and his great son Ruganzu. After having collected and codified the literary knowledge of previous generations, she establishes a system for collecting and recording new works infallible litterary. Thereby composers Chanters "Abasizi" withdraw into solitude and silence "Kujya mu nganzo" to tap into their compositions transcendental meditation "Gukama ijuru".

“Inganzo za Mushongi” or The real King Solomon mines!

         "Inganzo za Mushongi", the name of a mine royal iron becomes extension and figuratively a treasure trove "Inganzo". Is this perhaps why some European legends placed the mines of King Solomon (another wise king) in Rwanda? King Ruganzu II Ndori himself, did not milked milk from heaven to feed his kingdom according to legend? To sustain the structures of the institution, the queen mother sends adopted the first bards teach poetry, chronicles the history "Ibitekerezo" and family Science "Ubucurabwenge" to "Intore (elected)" in schools called "Amatorero" courses provincial lords. Abbot Alexis Kagame* collected 176 poems from the last Abasizi he published in two books: La Poésie dynastique au Rwanda (The Poetry dynastic Rwanda, 1951) and Introduction aux Grands genres lyriques de l'ancien Rwanda (Introduction to Great lyrical genres of ancient Rwanda, 1969).

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