mercredi 18 décembre 2013

Egypt: Did Doria Shafik really committed suicide in 1975?

 
 Traitor to the revolution!

“No one will deliver freedom to the woman, except the woman herself. I decided to fight till the last drop of blood to break the chains shackling the women of my country in the invisible prison in which they continued to live; a prison, which being invisible, was all the more oppressive” Said Shafik Doria.

Shafik Doria, the only man of Egypt!

          Born on December 14, 1908 at Tanta. She passed her early childhood in Mansura where her father held a post as engineer. Her Mother belonged to an old upper-bourgeoisie Egyptian family which had lost most of its fortune. She completed her primary and secondary education at the College Notre-Dame in Alexandria. In 1922, she completed her secondary education at the French Lycée. A scholarship from the Egyptian government allows him to study at the University of Paris Sorbonne. After obtaining a degree, she returned to Cairo for a short period during which she married the journalist Ahmed El-Sawi. A few months after her first marriage, she divorced and married Nour El-Din Ragai, that she gives two daughters: Aziza and Gehane. In 1940, she returned to school and obtained a doctorate. Back in Egypt, she was appointed inspector of French Ministry of National Education.

Wake up Daughters of Nile!

         In 1948, she founded the "Bent el Nil (Daughters of the Nile)", a party to defend the rights of Egyptian women and to promote emancipation. In 1953, when political parties are banned by the regime of Gamal Abdel Nasser, she transforms her political party in union of women. She organizes a peaceful demonstrationt o force the Egyptian parliament to amend Article 1 of the Constitution, which enshrines inequality between men and women. She calls for the introduction of divorce law restricting polygamy and the recognition of equal rights for all. On March 24, 1954, she began with her colleagues, a hunger strike at headquarters of Union the Press. She asked the President of promise into women's demands to end the hunger strike.

The New Woman of Egypt, danger to the Islamic nation.

         In 1945, she founded and edited the newspaper "Al Maara Al-Guadida (The New Woman)", which deals with the problems of women and "Al Katkout (chick)" responsible for children's issues. In July 1952, she praises the beginning of the Nasser revolution and the victory of the Egyptians. She also advocate the Palestinian cause. Presidential Decree No. 25 of 29 July 1957 prohibits the publication of his newspaper. Her name is banished from the Egyptian press while during more than a decade, she had fired the imagination of the Cairo press which called her "Leader fragrant", "danger to the Islamic nation", "traitor to the revolution"and "the only man of Egypt". Condemned to silence and isolation for the rest of her life, she committed suicide in 1975 by throwing herself off the balcony of her sixth-floor apartment. General Nasser had her name barred from all Egyptian texts and had most of her original documents destroyed. Very few have survived.
Her biography has been published by:
-Cynthia Nelson, Doria Shafik, Egyptian Feminist: A Woman Apart American University in Cairo Press, 1996.
Her bibliography includes:
-Shafik Doria, Ibrahim Abdu, Tatawwur al-Nahda al-Nisa’iyah fi Misr (The development of the rennaissance of women in Egypt), Maktabat al-Misr, Cairo, 1945.
-Shafik Doria, Ibrahim Abdu, Al-Mar’ah al-Misriyah min al-Fara’niah il al-Yawm (The Egyptian woman from the pharaohs until today), Maktabat al-Misr, Cairo, 1955.
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Cfr Jean I.N. Kanyarwunga ; Dictionnaire biographique des Africains (Biographical Dictionnary of Africans), Digital French version on www.NENA. 2013.

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