lundi 16 décembre 2013

France: Severiano de Heredia, First Black Mayor of Paris and current racial prejudice in the West.

 
After the death of apartheid and that of his killer, Nelson Mandela, racism reborn in West and in Israel!

        
Today the socio-economic crisis brought down politicians in racial prejudices of another age, vis-à -vis of Blacks. In Italy and France, the Congolese Cécile Kashetu Kyenge, Minister for Integration and her sister Guyana, Minister of Justice, Christiane Taubira-Delannon, have been being treated of macaque and orang-outan. Pure scapegoats of a decadent society that lead to grow up in history, these ladies chosen from the best politicians of the moment. In Switzerland, bananas are thrown to the first Black National Councilor (M.P.) of Angolan origin, Richard Lumengo. In Sweden, they treated Ms. Nyamko Sabuni, of Congolese origin, the first woman Minister for Integration and Equality of  genres (2004-2006) of Islamophobic. Mrs. Rotimi Adebari, Irish of Nigerian origin elected in 2007, the mayor of an Irish town of 15,000 inhabitants, which advocates "Respect the difference" is judged by her roots and color. Ms. Manuela Ramin-Osmundsen, of Martinican origin, first Black woman Minister of of family and gender (2007-2008) in Labour Government of Norway lead by Jens Stoltenberg, who suffered serious racist attacks before being pushed to resignation for "loyalty to France ", etc ...

Blood of an Ethiopian Jewish MP refused !

        
What about the refusal of Magen David Adom, the Israeli equivalent of the Red Cross to accept blood donation from Ethiopian Black Member Pnina Tamano-Shato, during an operation organized within the enclosure Parliament in Jerusalem, under the pretext that the particular blood of Jewish Ethiopian (Falasha Mura) is "likely to spread disease, including A.I.D.S.". Falashas in Israel are 120,000, whose parents were brought from Ethiopia to Israel during "Moses and Solomon" operations in 1984 and 1991 to price of  millions of dollars! Reached the age of 3 years in Israel, Pnina Tamano-Shato completed his military service and 32 years old, mother of two children, she is the representative of Yesh Atid party MP in the Knesset (Parliament Hebrew) since 2013.

And if the black sheep of the Democratic Union of the Centre (U.D.C.) of Switzerland was the hopeful of a decadent West?

        
This lack of consideration and respect that uses dermal color of politicians already underway in France and Italy. In Italy, Alessandro de 'Medici (1510-1537), Lord of Florence from 1530 to 1537, was known as the Moor (il Moro). He was murdered by his cousin Lorenzino de 'Medici by jealousy on March 18, 1536.
        
In France, the great writer Alexandre Dumas (1802-1870) who described the murder, and that falsely accused of employing Negroes faced racist taunts in France.  
"My father was a mulatto , my grandfather was a Negro , and my great-grandfather was a Monkey. You see, sir: my family begins where yours ends", he said.
…while his Russian alter ego, Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (1799-1837) was killed in a duel "unequal" against the French officer, Baron Georges d'Anthes Charles Heeckeren, who envied him his wife, the expensive Nathalie Goncharova. Politically, reformers resented his attitude too servile towards the tsarist regime, but what triggered his youthful rage was a racist insult.

A Black mayor of Paris in 1879, erased in Archives and in History.

        
Severiano de Heredia*, a cousin of another famous French poet, José-Maria de Heredia (1842-1905) was born in Havana, Cuba on November 8, 1836. His father Henri de Heredia and his mother Beatrice Cardenas were free people of color. It is said, that he was the natural son of his godfather, Heredia y Campuzano, who adopted him at the age of ten years and sent him to France for his studies. He made brilliant studies at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand, where he received in 1855, the great honor of the school. His "sponsor" was his heir to the shelter need. In 1870, he asked the French nationality "to show that he recognized what he owed to France in these difficult times and to be useful to the country", he said then. In 1870, he entered politics as a Republican radical trend. In April 1873, he was elected member of the City Council of Paris, for the area of Termes (XVIIth Arrondissement).

He was the only "Black man" in the Council.

         In 1879, he was elected president of the municipal council of Paris. In August 1881, he was elected under the banner of the Republican Union to the Chamber of Deputies. On 30 May 1887, he was appointed Minister of Public Works and seat in the government of Maurice Bouvier until 11 December 1887. Back on the benches of the Assembly, he finished his term in November 1889. He fought among other things to reduce the working day at the factory ten hours for children under twelve. He retired from politics to devote himself to the history of literature. He died on February 12, 1901 to his home at Courcelles Street in Paris on 12 February 1901.

Ignoring the insults, he remained magnanimous!

        
Racial prejudice woke particularly, when he was appointed Minister of Public Works. He was accused less by his action in government than the color of his skin, he was tricked qualifiers such as the "negro of the ministry", "Negro rogue with big thick lips”, "Chocolate  minister”, and other nonsense insults. This mongrel called to the highest offices of the administration bothered, and that was all his deserves superbly ignored these quips, paving the way for other great servants of the state "colored" as Félix Eboué (1884-1944) or Gaston Monnerville (1897-1991), among others.
        
Erased from the history of the city of Paris, his biography was published in 2011 by Professor Emeritus Paul Strade "Sévériano de Héredia: ce mulâtre cubain que Paris fit maire et la République ministre (Severiano de Heredia : The Cuban mulatto that Paris was mayor and the Republic Minister)", prefaced by the first Black MP of Paris, Georges Pau- Langevin.
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* Paul Platform, "Severiano de Heredia. This Cuban mulatto that Paris was "mayor", and the Republic Minister" Editions Les Indes savantes, Paris, 2011.

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