jeudi 9 janvier 2014

Canada: The revolt of Native Americans against ”hell on earth”*

The Canadian oil sands industry's ambition to accelerate the production, but its infrastructure projects face an obstacle: the Indian peoples inhabiting the remote areas where the deposits.
         Geraldine Thomas lives in British Columbia and, like other Indians of the province, she is ready to give his life to "save succeeding generations from hell on earth".
Like her, 160 aboriginal groups in British Columbia are fighting against the pipeline project Enbridge, that should bring the oil sands of Alberta to Kitimat in northern Britsh Columbia, to export the black gold to Asia.
         "If the water is contaminated by a leak, explains journalist Geraldine CBC  "It's a whole way of life of indigenous people who will disappear".
The chief of the clan belongs Saikuz Geraldine sweeps of hand the participation of 10 % in revenues made ​​their shimmering Enbridge project: "If money accumulates and there is nothing more to eat in nature, it is worth nothing". And the group to announce for 2014 road blockades and acts of civil disobedience.

Loss of wildlife, flora and health risks!

         The Resistance of Native Canadian to oil industry does not manifest itself only in British Columbia. It spreads in all provinces affected by the operating oil sands projects. Indigenous peoples, who comprising some
630 groups in Canada, fear contamination of their rivers with toxic waste that poses a risk to their health and fisheries.          They also fear the loss of wildlife, such as caribou and bison.
This mobilization is not devoid of deterrence, says Radio-Canada, as has already in the past, to stop deforestation. And in this case, Yinka Dene Alliance Native of B.C. is supported by the entire population as well as the mayor of Vancouver, the largest city in Western Canada.

A serious threat to the industry.

         If First Nations dig up the hatchet, the danger is taken seriously, is concerned the website specializing in energy, which as: "Indigenous peoples Canadian threaten $ 600 billion of energy contracts".
Because the courts rule more often in favor of the rights of indigenous peoples in all matters concerning their traditional lands.          According to a recent report by the Fraser Institute, a Canadian think tank conservative and liberal, “each oil or gas project in Western Canada receives at least an indigenous community, and the success of these projects may well depend on the acceptance these communities of energy development". There is a solution, summarizes to negotiate.

Smoking Calumet of peace before digging the Tomahawk!

         As the Canadian government he sent a negotiator with Indian leaders in British Columbia. The lawyer, Douglas Eyford, does not hide the task is daunting. "Relations between Canada and indigenous communities have reached a critical point",
he says in his report after months of consultation with these communities in Alberta and British Columbia.
         He recommends that the government seek to ensure better access to education of Native Americans and training to enable them to take jobs in companies in the energy sector operating on their territories to derive real profits.
         Despite public funding, many indigenous communities still live well below the average standard of living of Canadians, and notes the National Post notes.
         According to a study, the largest differences are in education, habitat quality and access to drinking water as well as social programs, and these differences are mainly due to the geographical distance Indian territories.

Reality principle.

         At 70 kilometers north of Fort McMurray, the "capital" of the oil sands in Alberta, Edmonton Journal believes however to find some balance in the small town of Fort McKay, who is developing strongly related to oil sands.
         "First Nations are struggling to preserve their traditions while taking advantage of the economic boom", writes the newspaper reporting in the region of the Athabasca River in northern Alberta. Long trappers lived comfortably fur trade before this activity is prohibited in the 1980s.
         Today, the community lives mainly oil . "We have long been opposed but eventually we had to acknowledge that there was no other option",
said Chief Jim Boucher, who created a company with eight partners -very successful- the service oil and gas industry.          Today, almost all of the 800 people live in the tar sands. But the nostalgia of old tip in about Jim Boucher. Times when he went into the forest with his grandfather to learn to hunt.
"Until the day, when the oil companies arrived and demolished the forest without asking us. "
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*Article by Sabine Grandadam in " Courrier International".

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