jeudi 2 janvier 2014

Sudan: Taha Ustaz Mahmoud Mohamed and the Second message of Islam.

It was once Edmond Kaiserand his hate of Gafaar El-Nimeiry!

         The man who committed the child drugged, imprisoned, starved, beaten or invalid for the woman excised and submitted for the wounded man in his mind and in his flesh, it was Edmond Kaiser, who died on March 4, 2000. It was in Paris that he was born on January 2, 1914 to a Jewish family whose father died when he was only four years.
            He said he was agnostic and he allowed himself to attack the Pope before Christmas, but he devoted himself entirely to his neighbor and practiced the gospel better than many Christians, it also often cited text. And himself to tell that when he revealed to the Abbé Pierre, one of the most famous personalities of our time, he was an unbeliever, he told him: "Go, man, go in peace. May God help you! ". He does not stop criticizing the rulers and said non-politicized, but he spoke like a tribune and was constantly struggling to our awareness of the suffering of others. He wanted the poor is well fed, well clothed, well housed, but he lived as an ascetic. After his childhood in Switzerland, he returned to France to work with the French resistance in World War II and had been condemned to death by the Nazis.
         Pharmacist of Vaud medical delegate, he founded the Friends and companions of Emmaus in Lausanne in 1957-58, the humanitarian organization "Terre des hommes" in 1960 and the Sentinels movement in 1980.
         He hated so Gafaar el-Nimeiry, that  if he was Sudanese, he would have been hanged as “the most apostate in the world” by the latter and/or his successors!

The same childhood as Taha Mahmoud Mohamed Ustaz
Born in 1910 at Rufa’a on the shore of Blue Nile, in Sudan. When his mother, Fatima bit Mahmoud, died around 1915, his father, Muhammad Taha, took his children and moved to Al-Higailieg, a nearby village, where they all worked in farming. Muhammad Taha died around 1920, leaving his four children to be brought up by their aunt in Rufa'a who also had them go to school. Al-Ustaz Mahmoud was able to complete the extremely competitive educational system of the time. He obtained a degree from the Engineering school Gordon Memorial, (now University of Khartoum) in 1936. After working in Railway, he resigned and started his own business in 1941. In October 1945, he founded the "Jamhouriyyen Ikhwan (Brothers Republican) party". In 1946, he was imprisoned twice by the British colonial administration for his political activities. It was during his second stay in prison, he develops his conception of Islam later published under the title "The second message of Islam" (translated from Arabic into English by Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na' im).

Who was really “Apostate”, Gafaar el-Nimery or Taha Mahmoud Mohamed Ustaz?

         He opposes both the colonial occupation and traditional elites rejecting the Manichean positions. He advocates the principles of Islam adapted to the modern world, claimed equality between men and women, rejects male privilege, rejects the principle of dowry, says Sharia is the social context of seventh century that the "Sunnah" real spiritual experience of the Prophet Mohamed is an "ideal to live, never reached". For him, true faith is that which recognizes that "the human being was created in the image of God", he is free, responsible and perfectible in a society led by ishtirakiyya (Socialism). After the publication of a pamphlet against the policy of Marshal Gafaar el Nimeiry*, he was arrested in 1984 with fifty militants and sentenced to 18 months in prison. He was again arrested on 5 January 1985. Considered an "apostate", he was sentenced to death and hanged by the regime of Mohamed el Gafaar Nimeiry* on January 18, 1985. The latter challenged by a non-violent popular uprising in March then reversed April 6, 1985 by the military coup of General Abdularahman Swar el Dahab * .
His books published under the titles of:
-The Second Message of Islam, Syracuse University Press, U.S.A., 1996.
-Un Islam à vocation libératrice (A liberating vocation Islam), Introduced by François Houtart, Preface by Samir Amin*, L'Harmattan, Paris, 2002.
Cfr. Dictionnaire biographique des Africains, (French version).

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