samedi 1 mars 2014

United States of America: «I Have a Dream » by Martin Luther King, August 23, 1963.


         “I believe in an America in which opportunity and justice truly are for all », U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, Preface to the Book of Langston Hughes : «Let America Be America Again : And Other Poems »
The greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.

         "I am pleased to join you today to participate in what history will call the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.
         There is a century ago, a great American who covers us today whose symbolic shadow we signed Emancipation Proclamation . This momentous decree stands as a great beacon of hope illuminating the millions of slaves seared in the flames of withering injustice. This decree came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.
         But one hundred years later, Black is still not free. One hundred years later, the life of Black is still terribly handicapped by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Black lives away on his island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Black languished in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own country.
         That is why we are here today to denounce a shameful human condition. In a sense we have come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote our Constitution were beautifully Declaration of Independence, they were signing a check which every American was to fall heir. This check was a promise that all men, yes, blacks as whites, would be guaranteed the inalienable rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness .
         It is obvious today that America has defaulted on its promises with regard to her citizens of color. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Black people a bad check which has come back with the inscription "insufficient funds". But we refuse to believe that there is nothing to honor the funds in the great vaults of opportunity in our country. So we come to cash this check, a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice.

This is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation!

         We have also come to this place sacrificed to remind America of the fierce urgency of the hour. This is not the time to afford to let cool our ardor or take tranquilizers half measures. It's time to keep the promises of democracy. This is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. It's time to pull our nation shifting sands of racial injustice and build on the rock of brotherhood. It's time to make justice a reality for all of God's children. It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. This sweltering summer of the legitimate discontent of Blacks will not end an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality.
         1963 is not an end, but a beginning. Those who hope that the Black just needed to vent and it will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to his usual routine .
There will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until we have given to Black people their rights as citizens . The whirlwinds of revolt will cease to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice appears.
         But there is something that I must say to my people, stand on the warm threshold which gives access to the palace of justice : conducting conquer our rightful place , we must not make us guilty of wrongdoing .
         Do not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. We always conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative claims to degenerate into physical violence. Constantly, we must rise to the majestic heights where the strength of the soul unites with physical force.
         The wonderful militant spirit who seized the Negro community must not lead us to distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers , their presence here today is proof, realized that their destiny is tied to the ours. The assault we mounted together to take the walls of injustice must be conducted by a bi-racial army. We can not walk alone in combat. And during our progress must commit ourselves to continue to move forward together. We can not go back.

We can not go back.

         There are people who ask activists Civil Rights: "When will you be satisfied?" We will never be satisfied as long as the Black is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality. We can not be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, will not find shelter in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities.
         We can not be satisfied as long as the freedom of movement of Black will not allow him to go to little more than a small ghetto to a larger ghetto. We can not be satisfied as long as our children, even grown up, will not be treated as adults and have their dignity violated by the signs "Whites Only". We can not be satisfied as long as Black in Mississippi can not vote and a Black in New York believes he has no reason to vote. No, we are not satisfied and never will be , as the law does not down like waters, and righteousness like a mighty stream.
         I am not unmindful that some of you have been driving here out of trials and tribulations. Some emerging from narrow jail cells . Others come from areas where your quest for freedom has earned them to be beaten by the storms of persecution and staggered by the gusts of police brutality. You were the heroes of creative suffering . Continue to work with the certainty that unearned suffering is redemptive .
         Go back to Mississippi, go back to Alabama, go back to South Carolina, go back to Georgia, go back to Louisiana, go back to the slums and ghettos of northern cities, knowing that somehow whether this situation can and will change. Not croupissons in the valley of despair.

I have a dream today.

         I tell you here and now, my friends, although, yes, even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream is a dream deeply rooted in the American ideal. I dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self evident by themselves that all men are created equal".
         I dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the son of former slaves and those of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.
         I dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state where the heat of injustice and oppression burn, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.
         I dream that my four little children will one day live -in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream today
         I dream that one day down in Alabama, with its vicious racists , with its governor having his lips dripping with the words " opposition " and " nullification" of federal laws that here in Alabama, one day little black boys and white girls will join hands as brothers and sisters.
         I dream that one day every valley shall be exalted , every hill and mountain shall be made ​​low , the steep places shall be made smooth and the crooked paths made ​​straight and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed to all be made ​​of flesh .
         This is our hope. This is the faith with which I return to the South.
         With this faith we will be able to distinguish in the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform gaudy discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood.
         With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to defend the cause of freedom together, knowing that one day we will be free. This will be the day when all of God's children can sing these words, which will then have a new meaning, "My country, of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. Land where my fathers died, land of which the pilgrims were proud that flank each of your mountains ringing the Liberty Bell!"
And if America is to be a great nation, this must become true.

         And if America is to be a great nation, this must become true.
The Liberty Bell rings the top of the beautiful hills of New Hampshire!
         The Liberty Bell rings the top of the stunning mountains of the State of New York!
         The Liberty Bell rings the top of the tops of the Alleghenies of Pennsylvania!
         The Liberty Bell rings the top of the snowy peaks of the Rocky Mountains of Colorado!
         The Liberty Bell ringing for the curvaceous slopes of California!
But this is not enough .
         The Liberty Bell rings the top of Stone Mountain of Georgia !
         The Liberty Bell rings the top of Lookout Mountain of Tennessee !
         The Liberty Bell rings the top of every hill and every molehill of Mississippi! From every mountainside, that sounds the bell of freedom!
         When we allow the Liberty Bell ringing in every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city , we will celebrate the day when all of God's children , blacks and whites, Jews and non- Gentiles , Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, "free at last, free at last, thanks be to the God Almighty, we are free at last!".

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