samedi 26 avril 2014

Democratic Republic of Congo: If my name was Joseph and if you were called Mary?

 
Christians names in the Democratic Republic of Congo have always had a special meaning  Is it because it is one of the oldest Christianized countries of Black Africa?
         Thus the names of Joseph and Mary have a special relationship with the ruling Democratic Republic of Congo. Four presidents who have ruled the country since independence in 1960, three bear the name of Joseph and Mary are their wives. Joseph Kasavubu, the first president (1960-1965) was married to Hortense Ngoma Masunda and assigned the name of Marie-Rose to her eldest daughter. Joseph Désiré Mobutu (1965-1997) was married to Marie-Antoinette Gbiatibua Yetene and the current president of D.R.C., Joseph Kabila (2001-) is married to Marie Olive Lembe-di-Sita.
         When Joseph Désiré Mobutu took off his Christian name to become Sese Seko Kuku
Ngbendu wa Zanga, he lost his wife Marie-Antoinette, who had formally objected to the philosophy of Authenticity and took refuge for a time near Cardinal Joseph Albert Malula. Congo became Zaire, like a drunken boat began its descent into hell. Its founding president was transformed into a demigod!

The attempt of other names to conquer  the power in the D.R.C.
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         In 1960, Jean Bolikango, potential presidential candidate lost the power in front of Joseph Kasavubu, while Patrice Emery Lumumba, not only lost power but also life, replaced by a certain Joseph Iléo who had a happy political career.
         In 1964, Moise Tshombé, former secessionist Katanga, became the savior of the Congo resisted little face to Joseph Kasavubu despite the overwhelming support of the Belgians and the West. His successor as Prime Minister Evariste Kimba, was even hanged in May 1966 by Joseph Désiré Mobutu.
         If the name of Moses is emblematic in Katanga since Moses Tshombé, where another Moses Katumbi is a successful governor, it is not luck at the head of Congo
         In 1980, Etienne Tshisekedi tried in vain to create some internal opposition, but his name does not allow him to access to power at the head of Congo. Maybe he would leave to his colleague Joseph Ngalula, the  leadership of U.D.P.S. for the chance to win power. The latter was the first Congolese politician to pronounce at Luluabourg ( Kananga ) in 1959 , the word "Independence" which became a reality on June 30, 1960. In 2011, Tshisekedi Etienne  dreamed again in vain to hand power in front of Joseph Kabila.
         In 1997, when Laurent Kabila had conquered militarily the power, he renamed Zaire the Democratic Republic of Congo. Mobutu’s propagandist who had taken service with him, Dominique Sakombi Inongo flood Kinshasa with huge billboards that read: "Mzee Laurent Kabila, the man should have been in the Congo".
  His power was so  declining in the past, as four years later, his name was fatal as that of Patrice Lumumba him, 40 years before!
         In turmoil, another Laurent had almost failed to run the country, Archbishop Laurent Monsengwo. His fate was the Vatican as his compatriot Laurent Eketebi, the former teacher who had chase Mobutu from middle school of Mbandaka, became foreign minister and ambassador of Zaïre to the Vatican.

Democratic Republic of Congo should pay special devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary.

        
Before dying at the clinic Genolier in Switzerland at the age of 37, on October 22, 1977, Marie-Antoinette Mobutu, begged her husband to be buried in a crypt chapel called "Marie-La-Miséricorde" at Gbadolite. Before such an incongruous last will, the entourage of enlightened guide Zaire realized she sought and mercy of the Holy Virgin for his country was now comes the Devil !
         After his appearance at Kibeho on November 28, 1981 to  August 15, 1983, the Blessed Virgin Mary disguised as a simple peasant wished to cross the Zaire-Rwanda border from Gisenyi to announce the Zairian the terrible trials that awaited them after the genocide in Rwanda. Not only Zairian Customer asked her a tip for hervisa, but mostly he tried to rape her!
         It included both Congolese mortal sins that would put an end not only to the power of Mobutu. Very angry, she turned the country and finally withdrew her mercy chapel crypt of Gbadolite.
         During the genocide in Rwanda, wo million Hutu refugees crossed Gisenyi and invaded Congo, causing war, major disasters and thousands of lives with them. The region and the country were forever transformed into hospices.
         Mobutu Sese Seko was no longer the Christian Joseph Désiré Mobutu, despite the recovery of Catholic names in 1994 lost his power. Before going to die in Morocco in September 1997, he burned the remains of Marie-Antoinette Mobutu and former rwandese president Juvenal Habyarimana in May 1997. Chapel crypt Mary-The-Mercy was desecrated and destroyed, never to receive the body of its builder who may not even be buried in consecrated ground.
         Mass rape of women, limitless corruption, extreme violence and death became the lot of the Kivu region and neighboring regions!

Two women called "Mary" to save the Democratic Republic of Congo
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         Despite her anger, in her infinite mercy, the Virgin Mary could not condemn the innocent to eternal punishment, as she remembered that she had intervened during the darkest hours of the Holocaust of Leopold and Congo Free State to through an English woman who bore the name of Mary.

Mary Henrietta Kingsley, self-taught ethnologist, born of rape and a mésalliance!

         A woman named Mary Kingsley (1862-1900), explorer and writer self, born of a mésalliance between Dr. Charles Kingsley and his servant Bailley Mary (married after being raped and made ​​pregnant), was born in Islington, England on October 13 1862. she discovers the truth of this unseemly marriage after the death of both his parents in 1892. During her unhappy youth, she finds consolation in reading the stories of explorers: Cameroon, Mungo Park, Savorgnan de Brazza, Du Challu, David Livingstone or Richard Burton ... the miseries of her childhood in Highgate enabled her to understand the plight of Africans.
         Single hardened and anti-feminist, she does not believe in God and religion indifferent in this century. Firther of clichés of her time on the Negroes and missionaries, she wrote: "Often, these Africans have an acute intelligence and a strong dose of common sense, and there really is nothing childish in their thinking".
In a letter to New Africa in 1900 , she did not hesitate to say : "The duty of England, is to protect African nationalism, not to destroy it".
         When her friend Rudyard Kipling speaks of the burden of the White man, she protests: “This is the burden of the Black man should be celebrated because this poor African is confronted with a bunch of morons, all their whims and for him as for the white man, these are worthless nonsense".

Her ideas inspired the " Congo Reform Association ."

         The Congo Reform Association founded on January 25, 1904 by Edmond Georges Morel De Ville (born in Paris in 1873 to a French father and an English mother) forced King Leopold II at the insistence of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Lord William P.F. Landsdowne to publish on October 30, 1905, the report of the Committee Harris denouncing the atrocities committed in the Congo in the Official Journal of the Independent State of the Congo. The coup de grace which completed the Congo Free State came from acerbic articles of E.D. Morel, editor of " West Africa Mail " and in the Speaker under the revealing title of "The Congo Scandal ".  The evidence presented by his friend, the Irish consul of England in Boma, Roger Casement in the " Parliamentary Papers " were considered by the British government as "Cruelly convincing".
         Despite the publication of untruths and denied by the King of the Belgians, the Independent State was inevitably lost. Mary Kingsley’s theses saved the Congolese!

The Irish Mary Therese Winifred Robinson (née Bourke) , last chance of the Democratic Republic of Congo !

         First President of Ireland from December 3, 1990 to September 12, 1997, Mary Robinson, daughter of two doctors (like Mary Kingsley), born on May 21, 1944 at Balina (County Mayo) in Ireland, she has been driven by the desire to defend the rights of citizens and minorities in the world. Price, if necessary, for the sovereignty of States. Before becoming the first president of Ireland then very conservative, the lawyer specialist fundamental freedoms had condemned his own country by the European Court of Human Rights about the status of children born out of wedlock. In 1995, she proposed to bring the "human security" among the cardinal principles of the United Nations, the equal of national sovereignty.
         Mary Robinson can’t be hardly accused of pro-Rwandan naivety. At the head of Ireland from 1990 to 1997, she was certainly the first head of state to visit the country after the genocide. But soon after her appointment as High Commissioner of the United Nations for Human Rights (1997-2002), while Kigali was faced with a rebellion largely of Hutu genocide, she has attracted wrath of the Rwandan government for having made ​​jointly responsible for atrocities in progress.

Courageous and determined woman artisan of human rights !

         Appointed first High Commissioner of the United Nations Human Rights on September 12, 1997, by the Secretary General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan, with the approval of the General Assembly, after seven years at the helm of Ireland. Wife and mother of three children, she takes risks and initiatives that demands admiration (South Africa, Colombia, Somalia, Cambodia, China, Yugoslavia, Rwanda). In March 2013, she was chosen by the Secretary General of the United Nations Ban Ki -moon as special envoy to the region of the Great Lakes.
         She begins by forcing 11 African countries to sign a framework agreement in Addis Ababa from 24 February 2013 to restore peace in eastern D.R.C. and throughout the Great Lakes region. Facilitators before the United Nations and the African Union, the signatories of this document countries committed themselves in particular to stop supporting armed groups operating in neighboring countries. With the help of that which she bears the name, she is now a successful mission? Will she be the peacemaker Mary of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Great Lakes Region?

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