lundi 7 avril 2014

Rwanda / France: A French genocide in Rwanda in 1994*.

The unspeakable guiltiness ... they kissed the devil on the mouth!

         For twenty years to this day, Rwanda was devastated by genocide that killed more than a million deaths mostly Tutsi. Books, movies and irrefutable evidence have shown the involvement and culpability of France in the preparation and execution of the genocide. Why France who wants to be champion of human rights is it bent on denying the obvious?
         When the Roman Catholic Church by the voice of Pope Francis finally came to ask forgiveness for the participation of some of its priets and bishops, would it not time for France to do its mea culpa?
         It would grow up instead of hiding behind a ridiculous and false reason of state which frustrates both populations (Rwandan and French) who dream of peace, harmony and sincere friendship! As ... the United Nations, the United States and Belgium and the rest of the world!

Testimony of a French officer in charge of “Operation Turquoise!”

         For the first time since 1994, Operation Turquoise in Rwanda sheds a new light through the testimony of a French officer in the Army. According to him, officially posted by Paris "humanitarian" goal merges with another , much less blameless : that slow or stop the military advance of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (R.P.F.), while leaving the genocidal government forces.

We received orders to prepare a raid on the Rwandan capital, Kigali.

         Launched on June 22, 1994, the French Operation Turquoise would initially aimed to make the shot against the Rwandan Patriotic Front (R.P.F.), the rebel - mostly Tutsi - who fought against the Hutu government forces causing the genocide. This is not President Paul Kagame (President of Rwanda) said that, but an old French officer, Knight of the Legion of Honor and decorated of  military title operations. In a long interview with "Jeune Afrique", William Ancel, 48 years, the captain time to 68th Regiment of Artillery Africa evokes bluntly the gap between the official French version, and it lived there twenty years in the hills of Rwanda. If he and his comrades were actually conducted from early July 1994 protection missions and mining in favor of Tutsi survivors, they had previously, he received an order to stop the advance of R.P.F. when the military victory of the latter became inexorable.

What was your mission when joining Operation Turquoise?

         The initial order, says William Ancel, I received around 24 June 1994, was very clear: preparing a raid on the Rwandan capital, Kigali, then passed almost entirely under the control of the R.P.F.. The specialty of my unit was guiding air strikes (Tactical Air Control Party – T.A.C.P. ) . Infiltrated near the target to guide the fighters, our role was to identify a corridor to allow troops to seize their objective before anyone had time to react. No need to have done Saint-Cyr to understand that when trying to retake the capital of a country at war passed into the hands of a rebellion is to replace the official authorities.

No French army raid on Kigali has not yet occurred at the time ...

         Confirmation of the mission order never arrived. Maybe it was related to logistical problems we encountered, our equipment has been delivered late to Goma (D.R.C.). On the other hand I felt a flutter in the hierarchy. Then, between 29 June and 1 July, we received an order that replaced the first. We had to stop by force the R.P.F. advance east of Nyungwe Forest , in the south-western Rwanda. The next morning at dawn, we took off in the helicopter Super Puma to go trigger air strikes on columns of the R.P.F.. Most of the unit had already left yesterday by road. But when the helicopters took off from the Bukavu airport, we received an other order. The officer in charge of operations told us that an agreement had been reached with the R.P.F.. Now we must protect a "safe humanitarian zone" ( ZHS )
whose rebellion of Paul Kagame had agreed that temporarily escapes its control. It is at this point that the nature of our mission has changed to become humanitarian.
         Until then, it was clear that they were fighting the R.P.F.. French soldiers have saved many thousands of lives (Hutu or Tutsi ? –sic)

What has been the humanitarian mission?

         We made ​​us around Cyangugu, south of Lake Kivu. The company commander decided to set up our camp above Nyarushishi camp, where thousands of refugees were Tutsis and moderate Hutus. He had been alerted by the chief medical officer of the camp, a Swiss working for the International Committee of the Red Cross (I.C.R.C.), the risk of a massive attack by the Interahamwe militia. This dimension of Turquoise must not be forgotten: even if the orders we received were ambiguous, the French soldiers have saved many thousands of lives. For me, each of them was a victory.

What were your relations with government forces who had orchestrated the genocide?

         As soon as we crossed the border between the former Zaire (now D.R.C.) and Rwanda, we found that Rwandan soldiers were dismayed realizing that French soldiers would not remount the interim government originally of the genocide. They looked at us with obvious reluctance and anxiety. Conversely, when refugees Nyarushishi realized that we really had come to protect them, they greeted us with shouts and songs of joy.
         As a specialist in air strikes and special missions, when the company moved to protect the camp Nyarushishi was seconded me to Colonel Hoggard, of the Foreign Legion, and I became responsible for extractions. For a month, with legionaries, whenever we receive information on people at risk in the safe humanitarian zone, I was responsible for conducting rescue operations. I have been instructed to load containers of weapons on these trucks, which were then taken to Zaire to give to Rwandan government forces.

We know that the French army has also shown a certain complacency in the face of genocidal forces fleeing to Zaire ...

During this period, we confiscated tens of thousands of small arms to the Hutus who crossed the border, mostly pistols, assault rifles and grenades. All these weapons were stored in shipping containers on the basis of the Foreign Legion at the airport in Cyangugu. Mid-July, we saw a column of civilians arriving trucks and I have been instructed to load containers of arms on these trucks, which were then taken to Zaire to give to Rwandan government forces. It was even suggested me to hold journalists during this time to prevent them realizing it. When I told him my disapproval, the commander of the Legion told me that the staff had considered it necessary to show the Rwandan army that we did not become her enemies, so that it does not turn against us. France has even paid their balance to Rwandan soldiers.

So you confirm that France has reset the Rwandan army ex-Forces in exile while they came to supervise the genocide of Tutsis?

         By delivering tens of thousands of weapons, we have transformed the refugee camps in Zaire military base. It was obvious that Paul Kagame would not tolerate, after taking power, an army position of the genocidal regime moved to the other side of Lake Kivu. This decision played an important role in what would happen two years later in eastern Congo.

What do you think the official French version Operation Turquoise?

         Personally, I only report what I experienced at the time. If it does not fit with their version, it's a problem. They built a mythical story of Operation Turquoise, which does not correspond to reality. Or if you want to avoid this happening again, we must put the cards on the table, not hidden under the carpet.
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 * Jeune Afrique : Interview by Mehdi Ba with William Ancel : " The mythical story of Operation Turquoise does not match the reality”
, published on April 7, 2014.
*Mehdi Ba, Rwanda ,
Un génocide français (Rwanda: a French Genocide), L’Esprit Frappeur, 1997.
-Jean-Pierre Chrétien, Jean-Paul Gouteux et alii,
Un génocide, secret d’état : La France et le Rwanda 1990-1997 (Sate’s secret genocide: France and Rwanda 1990-1997), L’Esprit Frappeur, 2009.

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