dimanche 1 juin 2014

Nigeria: Amina of Zaria, the Mint-religious or the Queen Xena Hausa.

 
The inspiration for the television series "Xena: Warrior Princess" by John and Robert Tapert Schulian.
 
        
Queen Aminatu Zaria is nicknamed "the warrior queen".  She was intended not only to expand her territory to the north-east of present-day Nigeria, but also to develop the conquered cities. For over thirty years, her conquests make her kingdom the appointment of the trans-Saharan trade. According to legend, Aminatu refused to marry and have children. Therefore, in each territory she recovered, she spent the night with the man of her choice, she killed in the early morning so that he does not boast of having had intimate relations with her.
        
She still refuses to marry and have children. She still remembered as the warrior queen Hausa, and it still sings in Nigeria bravery and courage "Aminatu, yar Bakwa ta san rana (Aminatou girl Bakwa woman as capable as a man)”.

Who was the real killer of her lovers ?

        
Born in 1633, this warrior queen is the daughter of Queen Bakwa Turunku of the Hausa city-state of Zazzau in the sixteenth century (now Zaria in Kaduna state in northern Nigeria). Amina, was sixteen years old when his mother, the Bakwa Turunku, succeeds to Sarkin. Her mother became queen, she inherits as the eldest daughter of the title of Magajya (princess) and became his sole heir Bakwa but has a preference for his youngest daughter Zaria and in her honor it will rename its town called it “Zazzau” be called now “Zaria”.
        
Amina developed a talent for military arts and became famous for her bravery and exploits.
         But she is not a gentle and wise woman. With extraordinary physical strength and an imposing stature, she learns to fight, to ride, to handle all kinds of weapons, and above she acquires the art and techniques of war, her greatest passion.

She is recognized by his peers as the first warrior cavalry Zazzau.

 
        
During this long learning and elevation under Head to head the armies of his brother, ten years have passed. King Karana died suddenly and so it is natural that Amina was proclaimed queen and becomes the 24th "heba" of her kingdom. We are in 1576, Amina was forty-three years.
        
Her status as princess (Gimbiya) still justified her independence. Yet she seems to have reigned between 1536 and 1573 while another version says that she became queen upon the death of his brother Karama in 1576. Some even say she was never queen. What is true is that for 34 years, her military conquests made ​​this kingdom, the center of the trans-Saharan trade. She is credited with building some walls around the city still known today as the Ganuwar Amina or Amina's walls.
        
The purpose of his conquests was twofold : to extend the territory of Zazzau beyond its borders time and enslave the conquered cities. Sultan Mohammed Bello Sokoto said "She made ​​war and submitted all of these areas so that the people of Katsina pay taxes and pay tribute to Amina and men of Kano. Her war continued until her kingdom extends to the sea to the west and south . "
        
The country of Hausa, was divided into seven city-states: Katsina, Biram, Daura  Zazzau (Zaria), Kano, Rano and Gobir dominates the trans-Saharan trade and the city of King Sarkin derives its wealth of exchanges of leather, salt, fabrics, metals, especially horses and slaves who exchange counters installed on the Portuguese coast against gold, cloth, alcohol and especially weapons. Zazzau at that time dominated the trade.
        
That which is embodied in the cinema by New Zealander Lucille Frances Ryan "Lawless", died in 1610.

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