dimanche 9 novembre 2014

Ethiopia/ India/Pakistan: Ambar Malik-Chapu and the origins of the Black Skin of Hindis, Pakistanis and Tamils.

Ambar Malik-Chapu: Slave and Reformer in India!

Born in 1549 in the Habesha ethnic group in Harar, the capital of the Sultanate of Adal, Ethiopia (devastated by two decades of war). He received a Muslim education. Sold into slavery by his poor parents for 85 Dutch guilders, he finds himself in al-Mukha in Yemen, where he is sold for 20 ducats and taken to the slave market of Baghdad. He is sold for the third time in al-Qadi Qudat at Mecca. He is selled in Baghdad by Mir Qasim al-Baghdadi that leads south-central India.

Trained by Chingiz Khan, who had also African Origins

          In India, Ambar Malik-Chapu was bought by Chingiz Khan, Prime Minister of the king of Ahmadnagar, who also had African origins. He receives a good military training while being a slave. On the death of his master, he becomes the property of the King of Bijapur and established himself as a great military commander. He created an independent army of 1,500 men, most of whom, were Arabs, that settles in the Deccan region. He is at the service of kings and founded the city of Aurangabad Maharashtra and became Prime Minister of Murtaza Nizam Shah II of Ahmadnagar.

The Modernization of India

         He began sensible reforms in several areas. In particular, he undertook the construction of irrigation canals and mosques. He gives grants to poets and scholars, creates a postal service. He encourages the importation of Ethiopian gold, Ivory, cattle, spices, seeds, slaves, wild animals, etc ... He develops the export of silk, cotton, jewelery, iron , steel, precious stones, sugar, ships, textiles, etc.. This flourishing trade between India and Ethiopia is attested by travelers, traders, explorers, Western historians including: Cummonk Kosmos Indikopleustres, Spanish Tomé Pires, Italian Ludovico di Varthema, the Florentine explorer Andrea Corsali the Syrian Dimashki Francisco Alvres, Portuguese writer Duarte Barbosa, the Portuguese Miguel de Castanhoso, etc.. Many Ethiopians came from Habash and other African western as Niger migrate to India. They settled in the Deccan in western Gujarat particularly in the Gulf of Cambay, in eastern Subcontinent and in Bengal. Most are known as Hapshis Sddis and have played key roles in the history of India.

Regent of Nizam Shah

          From 1607 to his death in 1626, he acted as regent of Nizam Shah and strengthens the power of Murtaza Shah II by mobilizing Mizam a large army. He moved the capital from Paranda (current Osmanabad District) to Junar and founded the city of Khadki, which later became Aurangabad after the invasion of the Deccan by Mughal emperor between 1658 and 1707. He had two son Fatteh Khan and Changiz Khan. Fatteh Khan succeeded him as regent of Mizam Shah. He is revered by Sidis of Gujarat.

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