mardi 31 mai 2011

Argentina, Norway: Prisons innovative

Argentina: A special prison for evangelical inmates

Since October 2009, Argentina is testing a new kind of prison. Most prisoners who have found salvation in one or other of the country's prisons have been transferred to the prison "Christ Only Hope". The unit 25 of the penitentiary in the city of Olmos, infamous, some sixty kilometers south of Buenos Aires, Argentina is reserved for inmates evangelical
Its high rate of success attracts the attention of media worldwide.
Ernetso Irusta, the prison director, explained that prisoners, by 10 to 12 cells, regulate their own problems. "They live and breathe their faith" in an environment where even the guards are believers. The recidivism rate is very low.
"It shows that Jesus Christ is the only one who can change the hearts of men on this earth. There is hope for all people, including criminals because God forgives sins, even where the man does not forgive. God forgives the hearts and come to regret it. Jesus forgave the thief on the cross turned to him and gave him her heart ... "
That's the message that is conveyed to the prison by evangelical preachers.
Evangelical or Pentecostal groups now attract 12% of Argentines
The evangelical churches were able to particularly affect the poor people of the favelas. The Vatican appointed as head of politicization of the Catholic Church known as the "liberation theology" which has been particularly active in Latin America during the 80s and 90s.          According to the Vatican, this "social gospel" have hijacked the faithful of the Roman Catholic Church.

Norway: The country of prison Bastoey

Instead of walls and bars, calves, cows, pigs, strawberries and green a lot of confidence, that the universe of prisoners of Bastoey, an island in the Oslo fjord in Norway since 1997.
Under the seal of humanism and ecology, we learn some the most hardened criminals in Norway, how to reintegrate into society.
"Foreigners do not understand that we can have murderers, rapists or pedophiles without wall or barbed wire. Even if these individuals have committed heinous acts, it does not make them horrible people so far" said Oeyvind Alnaes, the director of the penitentiary.
In this former orphanage for boys difficult Bastoey, 115 residents (from petty criminal to repeat the assassin at the end of sentence) monitored by 70 guards engaged in carpentry, farming, cultivation of land or lobster fishing boat with the prison. Under the watchful eye of supervisors who are not armed and that the prisoners "tu" nicely.
"It's fascinating to see a bruiser who has spent most of his time to beat up people attend, moved to the birth of a lamb in bad shape and give mouth to mouth on the animal to try to revive him, "said Mr Alnaes.
"If you must go to prison, Bastoey is the best place in the world. Here we can flourish. You learn to fend for himself, to wash, to do his cooking, maintaining the home," says Bjoern, convicted of a financial crime.
The working day lasts from 8:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m., after which the detainees were "free areas" to frolic in the fjord, walk on the island, playing music or sports (Tennis, Horseback riding, skiing). In addition, they are entitled to a leave of 18 days per year and 30 days if they have kids. Families can also visit them every weekend.
The system is based on trust 100%. In winter, a single supervisor is supporting five or six inmates who fetch wood in forests, each with his chainsaw.
One escape attempt was recorded over the last six years, says Alnaes.
Any deviation results in a return to square traditional prison, a bugbear for residents of Bastoey.

dimanche 29 mai 2011

Sexual segregation or social privilege!

Lebanon: Taxis for Women in Lebanon

Since March 2009, for travel in the city, the Lebanese have now "Banat Taxi" or "Taxi for women," the cars driven by women and reserved exclusively for the fairer sex.
"Pink flower in her hair and makeup in delicate pink. So we will dress every day", proudly Souad, mother of four children, driving a Peugeot ... pink. It is one of the three conductive recruited by Taxi Banat.
"Initially, I thought it would be difficult to find women drivers saw that Lebanon is a male occupation: I was surprised to receive dozens of requests," says Nawal Yaghi Fakhri, Director of the new company.
Based in Mtayleb, north-east of Beirut, the company has received support from the Ministry of Tourism, who sees an opportunity to attract holiday trips rich Gulf preferring taxi ride on women.
"This is the second initiative of its kind in the Arab world after the UAE," he told AFP Lina Ghanem, spokesman for the department.
"I find that there is gender discrimination," cried a mocking Jad Fakhoury, a businessman of 40, who attended the ceremony of initiation.
In London there are also the "Pink Ladies cabs" taxis exclusively for women.
In Moscow there are also pink taxis for women operated by the company Pinktaxi founded and run by a woman.
Except that the pink outfit is reserved for prisoners, among them many of them ... in Rwanda genocide, which will hinder Rwanda to visit Lebanon!

Iran: Arezu, territory reserved exclusively for women.

The Iranian authorities have decided to convert the island of Arezou, one of 102 islands in the Salt Lake Urmia (5,200 km2), a biosphere reserve of UNESCO since 1976, near the border with Turkey, in territory reserved exclusively for women.
All jobs on the island are reserved for female staff: Public transport, restaurants and facilities on the island, etc. ...
"The island of Arezou, one of the 102 islands in Lake Oroumiyeh, will be equipped especially for women. There will be no men on the island. This would give a boost to tourism in the region," said one city official, Aghai, the newspaper Emrouz.
The decision was approved by the Representative in the Province of Iran's supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who said she was not contrary to the sharia (Islamic law), he added.
Iran, Islamic law forbids women to appear unveiled before men.
Some beaches in the south and the north are already reserved only for Iranian women, who can reveal them without fear. In some cities, there are also parks for women.

samedi 28 mai 2011

Bangladesh: Mysterious disappearance of the Declaration of Independence.

National authorities in Bangladesh have made a statement in which they indicated the loss in mysterious circumstances of the declaration of independence, which was drafted during the war against Pakistan in 1971 by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (1920 - 1975), founding father of Bangladesh according to BBC News
The disappearance of this historic declaration was announced in April 2008 when the authorities moved a mass of documents in the archives of the state.
The problem is that these records have only received copies of these documents.
Before 1947, the territory of present-day Bangladesh belonged to India, herself a British colony.
When India declared its independence as a state divided into two sub-states, Bangladesh became the eastern part of Pakistan with which it shares Islam.
On March 26, 1971, Bangladesh declared its independence.
Hence begins the civil war against the Pakistani occupation.
The intervention of India can win the separatists. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was released December 22, 1971 and became Prime Minister of Bangladesh.
His party, the Awami League won a landslide victory in early elections on March 7, 1973.
Populated by 64.4 million inhabitants (2009), with capital Dhaka, the People's Republic of Bangladesh covers 147,570 km2. It is directed by Zillul Rahman as Chairman and as Prime Minister Sheik Hasina Ms, daughter of Sheik Mujibur Rahman.

vendredi 27 mai 2011

When marriage becomes a major issue in politics

Bolivia: A new home for every couple.

In July 2008, President Evo Morales has decided to offer a home for every new pair of newlyweds.
"The state must provide a home for couples who marry. That's our program and the government has an obligation to comply," he said, according to the Bolivian daily La Razon, chief of the state during a public ceremony in the village of Villa Tunari, known for its coca crops in the central region, a stronghold election of Evo Morales.
In power since December 18, 2005, he recalled that he had launched a vigorous political redistribution of subsidies for children of school age, persons over 60 years and pregnant women.
According to official statistics dating from 2005, on average there are 22,000 weddings a year in Bolivia. President Juan Evo Morales (50 years), a socialist considered one of the pillars of the radical left in Latin America, was elected president of Bolivia 18 December 2005 and re-elected December 6, 2009.

India: Madhya Pradesh arranges the marriage of virgins.

On June 26, 2009, 151 women from poor families have participated in a mass wedding sponsored by the State of Madhya Pradesh, Shahdol, 300 km from Bhopal.
Access to the ceremony was conditioned to a virginity test. Local officials prefer to talk of commonplace medical examination to identify any pregnancies in women attracted government support.
This mass wedding is part of a program launched in April 2006 by the state government of Madhya Pradesh, which aims to help single women unable to pay for marriage. The government pays more in 6500 rupees (100 euros) each.
A budget of 385,000 euros has been allocated for the program this year. In three years, 88,460 marriages were arranged this way in the various districts of Madhya Pradesh.
"At first I refused to be examined. But an official told me that I would not be allowed into the lobby of marriage if the gynecologist told me do not qualify. The doctor examined my hand" said a young woman at the wedding day to The Hindustan Times.
The Minister of Human Resource Development, Kapil Sibal, said that this event "insult women and refers to the eighteenth century."
It is estimated that more than 15 million Indian children are married before the age of 18. In May, hundreds of marriages take place during the festival of Akha Teej, supposed to bring luck and success. Yet for 30 years, Indian law prohibits marriage of girls before age 18 and boys before age 21.
Madhya Pradesh (442 840 km2, 66 million people) is headed by Prime Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan, from the Bharatiya Janata Party (Indian People's Party, BJP), Hindu nationalist party.

Nepal: A premium of 460 euros to marry a widow.

In Nepal, losing her husband is the worst thing that can happen to a woman. It is secluded, abandoned by his family evicted from home and forced begging. In rural areas, it is often regarded as a witch, beaten and abused in public.
The Nepalese government proposed in July 2009, to pay a bonus of 100,000 rupees (around 1,000 euros) to anyone who would marry a Hindu untouchable, the lowest caste of society and a bonus of 50,000 rupees (460 euros) for men who take a widow to wife, to fight against discrimination.
"We do not want government dots", "Do not put your mother on sale" could be read on the placards brandished by the Nepalese who demonstrated outside the government headquarters in Kathmandu.
They fear that these dots offered by the government will not turn into a source of income for unscrupulous husbands and are afraid that widows are abandoned once the reward is received.
They claim that the money be used to improve access for widows and their children to education or health.
Giving money to encourage couples to marry is "contrary to the principles of human rights and that is why we urge the government to take social measures in favor of widows," said an organizer of the event, Lily Thapa.
"It is the right of unmarried women live as they wish but society does not treat them properly," said the spokesman of the Ministry of Finance, Shankar Adhikari.

Yemen: Marriage in the fight against terrorism.

The director of the Office of the President and Chairman of National Security of Yemen, Ali Mohammed al-Ansi was found a novel solution to fight against jihadist terrorism.
Besides traditional methods of prevention and repression as the closure of "Madrassas" who spread bigotry, surveillance of mosques and the reform of curricula, he began to combine force young people who have gone astray in the Salafist movement in them out of jails.
Until the revolution of jasmine party Taez motivates thousands of young people in the streets of Sanaa to challenge President Ali Abdullah Saleh, in power since 1978.

lundi 23 mai 2011

South Ossetia: The apparition of the Blessed Virgin and the Georgians Flee

         Madonna would have appeared in the skies over South Ossetia on top of a church. Once the Georgians have seen, they turned and fled before the Russian army.
Whoever says that is not any. He is the academician Pavekl Florensky which is co-chair of the Working Group, an expert in the miraculous signs in the Theological Commission of the Russian Church. He was interviewed by the newspaper "Arguments and Facts".
Following this appearance, and the rout of the Georgian army that followed, we tried to find an explanation for this phenomenon attributed to the Virgin Mary, exploring all possibilities of refraction on the windows, and other scholarly analysis.
Georgians have accused Russian troops of using a hologram.
Since December 18, 2001, South Ossetia headed by Eduard Kokoity (45) seceded from Georgia in the fall of the USSR.
Its independence is recognized only by three countries: Russia, Nicaragua and Venezuela.
Georgia, meanwhile, considers South Ossetia, whose capital Tskhinvali as a region is an integral part of its territory, but came under Russian control. She is in the same situation as Abkhazia, Sergei Bagapsh chaired by (60).
The attack by Georgian forces against the pro-Russian breakaway republic of South Ossetia, August 8, 2008, was followed from the aftermath of a major military response in Georgia by the Russians along with their protégés Ossetian. Georgian forces have suffered a stinging defeat.
Russian academician, Pavekl Florensky said that the appearance of the image of a Madonna in the sky over South Ossetia has driven the Georgian army!

dimanche 22 mai 2011

Marshall Islands: Roll in the coconut!

The coconut is a fruit export of the Marshall Islands. In Majuro, Marshall Islands atoll in the Pacific (where the capital is located, Dalap-Uliga-Darrit), a plant produces coconut oil for diesel engines. Witon Barry, deputy director of the Company Tobolar Copra says it smells good and can put his nose above the exhaust.
Jerry Kramer, the CEO of Pacific Inc. Company, a pioneer in the Marshalls in the use of green fuel, said: "The idea goes back to Rudolf Diesel. He had developed a combustion engine which turned the 'peanut oil. The German engineer unveiled his prototype at the Exposition Universelle of 1900 in Paris, predicting vegetable oils as a golden future as oil. So far, tests on vehicles were found fairly conclusive: some of our trucks run on coconut oil for years and we have not had a single problem for four or five years".
          The price of coconut oil rose to 1,000 dollars per tonne against $ 550 a few years ago. January Cloin Energy Advisor with the Secretariat of the Applied Geoscience Commission Pacific Islands (SOPAC) located in Suva (the capital of Fiji), explains: "There is a strong demand for vegetable oils, it is huge from the States U.S. and Europe. "
         The company Pacific International Inc. currently exports its production, but considering the applications of the oil in the region to provide electricity in remote islands in the area.

Soaring oil price affects the small Pacific islands because of their dependence vis-à-vis imports, the bursting of their geography and the massive use of generators for energy supply.
The disadvantage is that coconut oil is thick, a lack of tolerance for pure oil of new diesel engines sold, and it solidifies below 25 degrees and contains many impurities, if left untreated. In any case, a fuel exotic sun drenched!
The Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands, was the scene of atomic weapons tests conducted by the United States.
As of June 20, 1946, the Americans blew 66 atomic weapons and nuclear weapons.
The Republic of the Marshall Islands consists of 30 atolls and about 1,100 islands with a total of 181 km2 total area for a population of 63,174 inhabitants is independent of the United States since October 20, 1986.

samedi 21 mai 2011

Netherlands: Loosing the crown for Mabel

Prince Johan Friso van Oranje-Nassau, Count of Orange-Nassau born September 25, 1968, is the second son of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands and Prince Claus von Amsberg German consort.
         On April 24, 2004, he made the mistake of marrying Mabel Wisse Smit. This marriage entered into without the advice of the Dutch parliament has lost the Prince Johan Friso its rights to the throne and his title of Prince of the Netherlands.
A graduate of Economics and Political Science at the University of Amsterdam, Mabel Wisse Smit was born August 11, 1968 at Pijnacker Netherlands is accused of not being a model of moral probity.
         She is accused in particular of having been the mistress of former ambassador of Bosnia-Herzegovina to the United Nations, Mohammed Sacirbey in 1992, accused of embezzling $ 600,000 into the account of the Bosnian Mission to the UN during the 2000.
         She then allegedly attended a "godfather" of the Dutch midfielder, Haas Bruinsma who was murdered in 1991. According to the Dutch Constitution, the government is responsible for the words and deeds of the Queen and her heirs.
Queen Beatrix herself had sparked riots in the '60s by marrying a German diplomat whose father had been sympathetic to the Third Reich.
More recently, the crown faced a media storm when it was revealed that Jorge Zorreguieta, the father of Maxima Zorreguieta Cerutti, wife of Crown Prince Willem Alexander Claus George Ferdinand van Oranje-Nassau since 2002, was Minister of Agriculture Argentine dictator, General Jorge Rafael Videla was sentenced to life in prison and locked up at Campo de Mayo since October 2008.
In short, it is a logical continuation of the history of the House of Orange-Nassau, who rules the Netherlands since the sixteenth century with Prince William I of Orange to the Queen Beatrix (Wilhelmina van Oranje Armgard -Nassau).

vendredi 20 mai 2011

Nauru: A Republic completely bankrupt

Nauru, the smallest republic in the world with 21.3 km2 was in the years 1970 to 1980, one of the richest country in the world.
The island has experienced a period of thirty years accelerated the excesses of overdevelopment. Traditional society without material needs, Nauru has discovered the wealth through the exploitation since 1906 its phosphate deposits of high purity.
However, since the 1990s, the exhaustion of mineral reserves, poor management of public finances and the deteriorating public health is characterized by the appearance of diseases related to unhealthy lifestyle leads to an impoverishment of the population and the state, leading to a general failure.
Having no other resource than the one that was running out, they make the choice of money laundering, the sale of passports, the reception of refugees seeking asylum in Australia, but unwelcome in this country (the Pacific Solution), and possibly the coinage of the votes at the UN from time to Nauru in 1999 and joined the International Whaling Commission at its admission in 2005.
         Since 2004, Nauru has officially ceased all activity of money laundering.
The Western lifestyle has also proved detrimental to the health of Nauruans with an increase in some diseases (including obesity and diabetes) and reduced life expectancy.
Located in north-eastern Australia, Micronesia, Nauru Island has been independent since January 31, 1968. It is populated by 13,770 residents in July 2008, grouped in one coastal city.
Today there is its beautiful national motto "The will of God first."

mercredi 18 mai 2011

Canada: Controversy around a host

Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper, has a Protestant communion at Catholic mass celebrated by Archbishop André Richard, Archbishop of New Brunswick, on the occasion of state funeral of former Governor General of Canada, Romeo Leblanc.
"Worse than a misstep, it would be a scandal of the Catholic perspective," said Bishop Brian Henneberry, vicar general of the diocese of St John, New Brunswick.
In the Catholic religion, the consecrated host representing the body of Christ, must be received only by Catholics baptized and confirmed! "It's outrageous. Normally, when celebrating a Mass, Protestants fail to come forward. Pretend everyone and enter the ranks to pick a host that is inconceivable," was indignant, according to Radio Canada, Father Yvon Leblanc, a priest who also attended the ceremony.
After the G8 summit of  Aquila in Italy, Stephen Harper was received by Pope Benedict XVI.
.... A good start to confess or to convert to Catholicism?
Former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, Anglican, who allowed himself to communion with the Catholic mass until it was banned in 1996, ended up converting to Catholicism December 21, 2007.
... But only at the end of his last term!

dimanche 15 mai 2011

Cayman Islands: The most populous building in the World!

A small five-story building in the Cayman Islands holds the record number of companies it hosts: 18,857 companies. It is the law firm Maples & Calder is located on South Church Street in the capital George Town,"home" these front companies in the capital of the Cayman Islands
U.S. President Barack Obama determined to put an end to tax evasion plaguing the United States said: "During the campaign I talked about the shame I felt for a building in the Cayman Islands in which more than 12 '000 companies claimed to have located their headquarters ... and as I said before, it can only be the tallest building in the world or the biggest tax scandal (...) the kind of tax scandal which we must end ... ".
Reacting to U.S. President, Charles Jennings, one of the leaders of the firm Maples & Calder was still held in the relative size of its offices: "I am sorry to disappoint anyone, but our office does nor is the largest building in the world, nor a center of financial misconduct ... Have an address registered in the Cayman Islands is motivated by commercial considerations and not for tax evasion ... This allows companies to raise capital and conduct business globally", he told to news agency Bloomberg.
The firm Maples & Calder took the opportunity to point out that the company CT Corporation Services USA, served as an official address to more than 200,000 American businesses by offering one of the most advantageous legal systems in America north for the big companies.
This figure of 12,000 companies was topical in 2004. Since then, over 1,000 new companies have located their headquarters every year to the premises of increasingly narrow the law firm Maples & Calder, located on South Church Street George Town, the capital of the Cayman Islands.
The business law firm has irrefutable argument for attracting foreign companies. Although an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, the average tax rate around 5% of profits against nearly 35% elsewhere.

Azerbaïdjan: Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in Eurovision.

In May 2009, the duo Inga Anouch, Armenian singers perform the song "Jan Jan" at the Eurovision Song Contest.
Rovchan Nasirli, Azerbaijani Baku vote as 43 of his fellow citizens for the song "Jan Jan".
The next day he was summoned by the authorities of his country, Azerbaijan to explain why he committed an act as unpatriotic.
"A Ministry of National Security called me and started asking me why I voted for the Armenian group, saying that was probably an unpatriotic, the investigator said such an attitude showed that I was easy prey. I explained that I had just voted for 'Jan Jan' because I liked their style of music and not for political reasons. " he said.
At the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990, fighting between the majority Armenians supported by Yerevan and the Azerbaijani army were 30,000 deaths and a truce is not respected in force since 1994.
A diplomatic dispute between Yerevan and Baku still over Nagorno-Karabakh (4,400 km2), a region populated by ethnic Armenians is officially part of Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan was third in the Eurovision with "Always", from underarms and Arach, while "Jan Jan" finished tenth. This is Norway, which won the Eurovision with "Fairytale," Alexander Rybak.
On 14 May 2011, Azerbaijan wins finally the 56th Eurovision contest in the stadium in Dusseldorf, Germany with a beautiful song, "Running Scared (Running Scared)" group "and «Eldar Gasonov Nigar Jamalqui» composed by Stefan Örn, Sandra and Iain Farquharson Bjurman, written by Stefan Örn and Sandra Bjurman.
On the morning of May 14, 2011, Armenia had to break the fragile cease-fire in Nagorno Karabakh under way since May 12, 1994!
The Republic of Azerbaijan (86,600 km2), with Baku as its capital is a Caucasian countries, populated by 8,372,373 people. Its official language is Azeri, and its currency the Manat.
Azerbaijan is chaired since 2003 by Ilham Aliyev (b. 1961), who succeeded his father Heydar Aliyev Ali Rza ogly (1923-2003), former KGB chief in Azerbaijan and the country's first president.
Organized annually by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) in Geneva, Switzerland, Eurovision was created by Marcel Bezençon (1907-1981), director of Swiss television in 1956 who never played a political role.

vendredi 13 mai 2011

Austria/Italy/Australia: Revenge of Oetzi.

On October 21, 2005, the archaeologist and specialist in molecular chemistry at the University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia, Thomas Harold Loy, 63, was found dead at his home. He wrote a book about Oetzi, reported the newspaper "The Australian".
The archaeologist suffering from a blood infection last dozen years, diagnosed illness shortly before his meeting with Oetzi.
Tom Loy, born in the United States and Director of the Laboratory of Archaeological Sciences, University of Queensland, lay dead at his home for several days when his body was discovered. He had said before his death that he did not believe the "curse of Oetzi".
Oetzi is the name given to this man frozen 46 years accidentally discovered September 19, 1991 at 3200 meters altitude in the Tyrol, on the border between Italy and Austria in the Alps of Otzlal (hence name), near the Italian Dolomites, a couple of tourists from Nuremberg, Helmut and Erika Simon.
         Buried for millennia under a layer of ice, melting glaciers important has exposed an individual of 1.59 m weighing 40 kg who lived during a period between 3,350 and 3,100 BC. AD according to the analysis of carbon 14.
But then, this man murdered which aroused great interest in the whole world would perhaps never have been moved because it has brought misfortune to eight persons connected directly or indirectly to his discovery.
Helmut Simon, the German tourist who discovered the mummy died during a hike in the same area in 2004.
Simon Dieter Warnecke, 45, who had gone in search of the first died of a heart attack.
The archaeologist Konrad Spindler, a professor at the University of Innsbruck, Austria has examined the first body of Oetzi died of multiple sclerosis at age 55. According to the British daily Guardian, Konrad Spindler said in jest: "The next victim could be me."
Professor Friedrich Tiefenbrunner, who worked with the team and Spindler, who had developed a method to protect the mummy of Oetzi against bacteria and germs died during his heart surgery in January 2005 ..
The mountain guide Kurt Fritz, who accompanied the first journalist Rainer Hoelzl from the mummy died at age 52 in an avalanche.
The journalist who caught and released the first pictures of Oetzi, Rainer Hoelzl died of a brain tumor at age 47.
In 1992, the head of the mission devoted to scientific Oetzi, Rainer          Henn was killed at 64 in a car accident while he was giving a lecture on the subject.
The ice man who was either a leader or a sorcerer, according to Professor Walter Leitner at the University of Innsbruck, lies in a cold room to the archaeological museum of Bolzano-Bozen in Italy since March 1998.

vendredi 6 mai 2011

Tariq ibn Ziyad, the Berber who nearly conquered France.

Berber leader, mawyla Musa, lieutenant governor of  Ifriqya on behalf of Musa Ibn Nusayr Umayyads (640-717). At the head of an army of seven thousand men, mostly Berbers converted to Islam, he crossed the strait was named after him "Jabal Tariq" (Actual Gibraltar) in the peninsula of Tarifa (Tariff Jazeera) to conquer the Iberian Peninsula.
In May 711, he wins the Rio Barbate in Rodrigue, the king of the Visigoths, Toledo walking (Tulaytula) and occupies Cordoba (Qurtuba) on the banks of the Guadalquivir (al-Wadi al-Kabir). In July 712, jealous of his military successes, Musa ibn Nusayr raises an army of ten thousand Arabs and invaded the port city of Seville (Ishbaliya) and Merida (Marida).
         The two leaders meet near Toledo and seized the territory from Zaragoza to Visigoth Navarre they called "Jazirat al-Andalus", Andalucia today.
According to Arab historians, having burnt all his boats, he says to his troops:
"The enemy is before you, and the sea is behind you, you have no alternative but to conquer or die. Will you follow me? "
In 714, Musa ibn Nusayr returned to Kairouan with a huge booty and many Spanish prisoners leaving power to his son Abd al-Aziz.
In 716, in the wake of Tariq ibn Zayid, the troops of the Emir Abd al-Rahman took over the major part of the territory between Spain and Portugal and current progress in the south of France to Poitiers in the Poitou-Charentes.
         In October 732 they were defeated by the Merovingian armies of Charles Martel (688-741). Abd al-Rahman was killed during the battle. Tariq ibn Zayid died a natural death in Damascus in 720.

jeudi 5 mai 2011

Hezekiah Shanu Andrew, first victim of the African human rights in DR Congo.

After his studies at Church Missionary Society's Elementary School, Shanu Herzekiah Andrew began his teaching career. In 1884 he began serving the Congo Free State. He says the recruitment of soldiers for the West African force then becomes public translator English / French / shrugged at the service of Governor-General at Boma (capital of the Congo Free State 1 May 1886 to October 31, 1929).
          In 1893, he left the civil service and set up his own. A year later, he made a business trip to Belgium and the opportunity to enroll his son in a Belgian school. His lectures on the situation in the Congo Free State are very well received. After taking business contacts in England, Germany and France, he returned to Congo.
          Soon he finds himself at the head of thriving businesses. His company has a warehouse of products imported from Europe, a fashion house and laundry, two small hotels in Boma and Matadi.          Amateur photographer, he published some of his photos in the magazine Brussels Congo illustrated. British citizen highly esteemed by the local upper middle class, he assumed the acting British vice-consul. In 1900 he was appointed by the administration of the Congo Independent State, negotiator to appease the military mutiny in the Public Force in Boma especially among his fellow West Africans (Nigerians, Sierra Leoneans and Liberians).
          Having found the exactions of officers of the Independent State of Congo, he befriended the British consul at Boma, Roger Casement (1864-1918) and in 1903, he participated in the financing of the Congo Reform Association of Edmund Dene Morel (1873-1824) and became a correspondent in the Congo illegal.
          The case of Charles Caudron, a settler particularly cruel, tried in 1904 to Boma for killing in cold blood one hundred twenty to two indigenous parts of which it communicates to the trial monthly West African Mail Edmund Dene Morel helps to escalate the campaign against King Leopold II in Britain.
          But he is quickly unmasked by the Congolese police. He withdrew his decoration obtained in the administration and his business is boycotted by order of the CIS and Ruined cornered by agents of the CIS, he killed himself in July 1905. In his article on West African Mail, 8 September 1905, Edmund Dene Morel wrote about him: "Shanu is a victim of his fight for justice."  He can therefore be rightly regarded as the first African victim of his commitment to human rights in Congo (now DRC).

mercredi 4 mai 2011

Faroe Islands: Rophin Massacre, an initiation rite!

Every year in the archipelago of the Faroe or "Sheep Islands", 18 including 17 islands inhabited by more or less 47 700 (2006) with 16,000 in Tórshavn, the capital, located between Scotland and Iceland and dependent Denmark is killing dolphins Calderon tradition.
          An ancient rite of passage from the sixteenth century who wants fold the Pilot whales on the port, to kill them, torture them and kill them. This tradition is supposed to mark the entry into adulthood of young Faroese. He, who kills his first pilot whale becomes a man.
          When the alarm is given, the entire village rushed to the beach stranding. The school closes its doors, children are invited to attend the grisly spectacle and every resident, whether or not they participated in the hunt, is offered a share of bacon and meat.
          The blood flows freely from intestines, skulls smashed, viscera, the sea becomes bright red.  The whole family is involved: men, women and children.
          So each year the National Day on 28 and 29 July 1500 near Pilot whales (Globicephala melaena) called by the Faeroese "grindahvur" are thus massacred, killed brutally passionately to tradition.
          Calderon dolphin, a species is endangered yet protected. Whaling and whale meat accounts for between 30 and 60% of the island diet.
          If they have acquired a form of self-government since 1948, the Faroe Islands of Denmark remain dependent for their national defense.          Since 2008, they have a foreign minister. They have their own flag, their own national anthem, stamps and their issue a special passport. They are not part of the European Union and are not recognized by the UN as an independent nation.
          Although the Kingdom of Denmark signed on behalf of the Faroe Islands, the Berne and Bonn on the conservation of migratory species, it can not enforce the implementation of these conventions at the local level.
         This application is left to the discretion of the Faroese Prime Minister, Anfinn Kallsberg.

lundi 2 mai 2011

Japan: Tokyo's mayor accused of insulting the French.

In July 2005, Ishihara Shintaro (74), mayor of Tokyo has pursued populist insulting the French language.
         Twenty-one teachers and translators and French Canadians complain that the mayor, declaring October 19, 2004 at a public meeting in Tokyo: "French is a language unfit for calculation, it is quite normal that she be disqualified as international language."
          In December 2007, a Tokyo court dismissing the complaint said that "these remarks, even if they caused a feeling of discomfort among French-speaking people, have not caused damage to the social status of complainants."
"I am disappointed by this ruling," said Malik Berkane, one of the complainants who runs a language school in Tokyo. "France is insulted, insulted the French language is, teachers are insulted, and there is no defamation. So that means that Mr. Ishihara can say anything, all he wants," he said after the verdict.
          The plaintiffs claimed each 500,000 yen (3,000 euros) in damages and publish an apology by the mayor in four newspapers.
          They recalled that 180 million people worldwide have French as their mother tongue and that "one of the official languages ​​of the UN and many international institutions."
          Novelist, author of bestsellers and mayor of Tokyo since 1999, Mr. Ishihara, 74 years old then, became famous worldwide with a virulent anti-American pamphlet, "Japan without complex" in 1989.
          The cities of Paris and Tokyo have signed pacts of friendship and cooperation since 1982.
          It is estimated at 200,000 the number of people learning the French in Japan: 90% of them are university students, 4% of high school and 6% of adults.

dimanche 1 mai 2011

India: Hugging humanity in his arms!

Born September 27, 1953 in the fishing village of Parayakadavu around the city in Kerala, Mata Amritanandamayi, better known as the Mahatma (Great Soul) Amma (Mother) is a figure of Hinduism.         
In his childhood, Soudhamani Idamannel seemed remarkable in many ways and his parents have sometimes found absorbed in a state of meditation (samadhi).
         She left school at nine, because her mother falls ill and must take care of his family. Eventually she is forced to leave the family home and live without shelter. After an ascetic discipline and mystical devotion, it is Mata Amritanandamayi, the "Mother of immortal bliss".
          She practices Dashran "the embrace of peace" which is to embrace deeply the person for a few minutes, whispering words of love and peace in the ear in its sole mother tongue, Malayalam.
          According to his entourage since 1987, this girl draped in a white sari has already hugged over 26 million people "of all ages and all religions" during his many travels, since the former President of India Avul Pakir Jainlabdeen Abdul Kamal (2002-2007) Muslim who would have given the first ten months of his salary in "Embracing the World", to simple fishing families in his native environment.
          During his visit to the fairgrounds in Pontoise, Val-d'Oise in France October 23, 2009, she embraced more than 7,000 people.
         "The atmosphere is very peaceful, very quiet although there are many. People are waiting for hours, but they do not line up with a ticket system and display. They are waiting for Amma which is defined like a river of love flowing constantly," says Catherine Demilly, one of the organizers of the event, assisting with hugs.
          Thanks to gifts she receives, she created an NGO for humanitarian and ecological funds from other schools, hospital, housing the poor, distributing saris and pay lawyers to defend the rights of the poor.
         "It is not enough to talk about consciousness, philosophy, they must be put into practice," she said.
 Amma's life is his only message. Neither preacher nor pontificating, it is the embodiment of his teaching, that is to say unconditional love and selfless service. She never married and had no children because she considers herself as the Mother of all.
          She is recognized by the Indian government as the official spokesman of Hinduism and received in 2002 the price of non-violence UN.
         She was the subject of the film by Jan Kounen, "Darshan the embrace," presented at the International Film Festival in Cannes in 2005.