dimanche 31 juillet 2011

The invisible trade war between the United States and China.

"The sky overlooking the world trade is black storm clouds. The drums of war beat ever louder. Some already watch the equivalent of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. A spark would be enough to engulf the planet "
The Financial Times.

How Chinese billionaires die!

In 2010, China had 60,000 millionaires. The only mainland mortality rate among Chinese billionaires is 1.5 per million.
Depending on the outcome of an investigation, 72 Chinese billionaires have died violently between 2003 and 2011.
         After analyzing the articles on the death of Chinese billionaires, the statistics of the People's Daily Online, 15 Chinese billionaires have been murdered, 17 were killed, seven have died accidentally, 14 were sentenced to death and 19 died of disease in youth.
Most millionaires become rich by a rhythm of hard work. Living only for their work, they lack of rest and exercise. They become more stressed and nervous where deaths from cardiovascular disease, cancer and violent suicides.

The United States attracts wealthy Chinese home.

In 2010, the U.S. has welcomed more than 4,200 Chinese immigrants with almost 47% came from the mainland of the Celestial Empire.
According to the report of the China Merchants Bank in April 2011, nearly 60% of China's "high net worth", that is to say with 10 million yuan in assets available, are seriously considering emigration as an investor in the U.S., and 27% of them have already begun the necessary steps. While 47% are considering a departure.
The United States has also lowered the financial threshold to attract Chinese fortunes. One million dollars at the start, this rate increased to $ 500,000.
A motion of support signed by the majority of members of Congress is considering granting a visa to solicitors entrepreneur with $ 100,000 or a financial contribution of $ 250,000. This visa will provide access to a green card permanent resident.

Undeclared economic war!

Some analysts see these financial measures an invisible war declared by the United States against China. The huge Chinese reserves force the country to buy U.S. treasury bonds.
At the end of March 2011, the amount of U.S. bonds was nearly $ 1.144.9 billion of reserves in China.
This situation is not favorable to China, which loses its fortunes and its young elite.
On the other hand, the United States has accused China open to ruin.
Senator Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania said in February 2011: "The Chinese round up our markets and our jobs. Between 2001 and 2007, they have stolen 2.3 million jobs. Subsidies to their industry and the manipulation of their currencies are forms of international crime. "
Daniel Griswold, director of the Center for Trade Policy Studies at the Cato Institute in Washington, does not endorse the crusade against the yuan.
         For him "a revalued yuan would not provide a lot of oxygen to the U.S. economy, even if it was revalued by 25 percent. Since 2002, the dollar has lost much of its value against the Canadian dollar and the euro European, yet our trade deficit vis-à-vis Canada and Europe continues to grow. The revaluation of other currencies is rarely a solution to internal problems of an economy. "
For the International Monetary Fund revaluation will not change:          "A revaluation of Chinese yuan will help the U.S. economy a bit, but will not solve internal problems. If the Chinese yuan is revalued by 20 percent and if it happens the same with the currencies of other Asian markets growing, the U.S. economy may be able to grow by 1 percent."

What will be the first world economic power in the future?

During the first six months of 2011, China's GDP reached 20,450 billion yuan (3,150 billion U.S. dollars).
The United States produces nearly 25% of what is produced annually in the world in goods and services. But this production of more and more important is done by fewer and fewer workers.
Public debt is estimated at 14,000 billion or 95% of GDP. The regulatory limit is 14.294 billion dollars that will be exceeded 2 August 2011.
In 2011, China's population is estimated at 1,339,724,852 people while the U.S. is only 313,232,044 people.
China with its 9.6 million Km2 to pass quickly the status of an economic power in an attractive country of residence to avoid erosion of talent and funds.

samedi 30 juillet 2011

South Africa: A Dutch tourist guide in Soweto by bike!

Soweto, city founded by a Dutch!

Founded in 1950, at the height of apartheid, it was originally named Verwoerdville in honor of Minister for Indigenous Affairs of the time, Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd the Dutch (1901-1966), son of preachers of the Reformed Church Dutch, one of the great architects of apartheid often called the founder of the Republic of South Africa.
In 1955, it was under his orders that 80,000 blacks were deported from the districts of Sophiatown, Martindale and Newclare to South Western Town. A city designed to accommodate non-existent only Blacks, driven out of the white city Johannesburg, in the name of separation of the races!
On September 6, 1966, Hendrik F. Verwoerd is stabbed to death in parliament by the half-bred of Greek and Mozambican origin, Demitrios Tsafendas.
In 1976, the teeming slum became famous with "the Soweto riots" caused by the rejection of the imposition of Afrikaans as language of instruction and bloodily suppressed by the South African police.
And it is in the 1980, that  Soweto became the official symbol of black resistance against apartheid.
In 2010, Soweto is inhabited by nearly 3 million people. Some are wealthy, most are poor and very poor because Soweto concentrated poorest people of South Africa.

The Dutch of Soweto on bike!

Martin Jonkers (52) is the only Dutch of South Western Town (Soweto). He is married to Busi, a black South African with whom he has a boy. He lives in Soweto since 2002. After giving up his job as a mortgage advisor and retirement, he founded the company to tourists " Soweto Cycle" with Busi. Its goal: to visit Soweto by bicycle.
"It is not a flat country like the Netherlands. Sometimes you ride a bike at high altitude, it's hard, "he says tourists cycling guide it through his "country ".
With 3 million people, Soweto has become a city where there are luxury villas of South African blacks who have succeeded after Apartheid next to the hovels of cardboard sheets and disadvantaged in New South Africa .
"We see it quite differently from a car. Cycling, it is much more in touch with the outside world. There is an interaction, "says he hands over his handlebars.
"It's like a little in the province of Brabant, to Holland (...) There is an atmosphere of joy among the people. (...) All the people are poor, but when asked if they can come home, there is no problem. We do not find such things in the white neighborhoods. In the Netherlands either. It's amazing, the kindness and the hospitality "

And violence described in "Tsotsi?"

In 2005, Gavin Hood's film "Tsotsi," received the Oscar for best foreign film in Hollywood. The film almost ordinary violence in the slums can not be as Soweto with a human focus to the audience to tears the most hardened. Through the portrait of a young Black man in Soweto who calls himself Tsotsi, it almost feels the new South Africa through a violence that fascinates and frightens both!
The bike ride from Martin Jonkers leads to a small supermarket where the seller, for reasons of security barricade himself behind a gate through which he holds out food to customers.
"The Dutch expatriates tend to live in luxury in beautiful areas. I can not deny that the townships are dangerous. It has been nine years since I live here and I have been burgled eight times and my car was stolen three times. But social life is so nice here. I groan, but at the same time, I understand they steal because they have no money. "

A job that does not live his inventor!

Besides the different aspects of this "city" unusual "projects offer the shortest visit to Meadowlands (former hostel for immigrant workers), the site of student riots of 1976, the Hector Peterson Memorial (killed by young a policeman during a demonstration of high school students June 16, 1976) and the former home of Nelson Mandela and the residence of Archbishop Desmond Tutu before they drink and dance to kwaito in a Shebeen (local bar) and enjoy a typical South African meal while listening to stories about the evolution of Soweto and historical facts.
Martin Jonkers is accompanied by two young Dutch "Blond." The Dutch are greeted on the right and left.
"We always notice. The bike has not yet made its debut in South Africa. Even the poor do not. The only cycling is a factor.
(...) At present, we can not live. I also work at the IBM helpdesk. And I learned to be happy with less. Luxury goods such as iPods, no longer interest me." Concludes the only Dutch guide of Soweto.
Yet the initiative has attracted other vocations and activities of tourist guide to bike through Soweto flourished, but he has more color and draws the curiosity

jeudi 28 juillet 2011

Cameroon: Breast ironing!

Did you know?

In Cameroon, mothers fro the breasts of their minor daughters to delay adolescent sexuality. They crush and the budding breasts of pubescent girls, a practice known as breast ironing.
Gisele Nga has been ironing her breasts. From his tenth year, his mother massaged her breasts with a hot stone.
"Every night my mother put the stone to boil. This was so hot that she even held her with a thick cloth to avoid getting burned, "she says.
There are other methods including the application of a piece of banana while warm to melt the core of emerging within a teenager.

Can we thus delay the onset of sexuality?

They are numerous in case of Gisele Nga Cameroon. In 2010, an investigation revealed that on average 24% of Cameroonian girls (between 9 and 14) undergo breast ironing. This unusual practice lasts for years, but the subject is taboo as anything related to sexuality in Africa.
Breast ironing would aim to curb the surge breast so that the teen appears younger than his age because parents think that breasts are the cause of sexual deviance.
"Once a girl has breasts, she attracts the envy of men and if she becomes pregnant, she can no longer continue his studies," says the mother of Gisele Nga to justify his actions.
Indeed in Cameroon, we accept no pregnant girls in high schools. They must permanently discontinue their studies.
It is true that does not allow pregnant girls in high schools and Cameroonian pregnant girls then have to interrupt their studies.

Of mental health problems.

According to Dr. Nzhié, a doctor at the central hospital in Yaounde, breast ironing can have psychological consequences for victims, who can develop complex, personality disorders and frustration vis-à-vis gender.
On the physical level, there is sometimes burns with permanent scars.
"Massaging the breasts of young girls may also cause the development of abscesses, cysts, breast infections and even some forms of cancer," said the doctor.
In some cases, there is also the complete disappearance of the breast or in cases of asymmetry that is to say that a breast is bigger than the other.
A cruel practice due to a false belief and ignorance!

Breast ironing still does not delay first intercourse.
"We have in our organization a lot of girls who have taken early pregnancy despite the absence of breasts," says Sarah Ako, communications officer of an association of unmarried mothers.
In fact, breast ironing is the consequence of lack of training in the reproductive health of young girls.
Increasingly, parents are advised to educate their children for birth control instead of iron their breasts with all the psychological and physical consequences that result.
On May 30, 2011, the national associations of Aunties (Renata), which includes more than 5,000 women who are often single mothers has launched a national awareness campaign against breast ironing in Cameroon.
Breast ironing is also practiced in Togo, Ivory Coast and Benin.

So what are the political authorities of these countries to ban permanently the practice as barbaric?

Turkey: Grandpa is resisting!

On April 4, 2008, Turkey was condemned by the European Court of Human Rights to pay 6,000 euro fine for non-pecuniary damage and EUR 1,000 for costs and expenses in the case against Mr. Hamdi Tastan.
The Turkish citizen was obliged and forced to perform military service at age 71.
Berger since childhood in Sanliurfa born in 1929 in Urfa, illiterate and speak Kurdish, he was called under the flag of February 15, 2000 in Sanliurfa. Apprehended by the police, he had passed the compulsory medical examination of fitness military before being transferred to Erzincan, where he received military training recruits for a month together young people from twenty years.
He admits to have suffered degrading treatment during training. His military superiors offered him a cigarette, for example in exchange for a photo with him and to have been the subject of ridicule.
         Toothless, he also had trouble eating at the barracks.
Because temperatures up to -30 °C, he has suffered from heart and lung problems. In addition, he was no longer able to communicate with his son for the duration of his military training.
         At the end of military training, he was transferred to the 10th Infantry Brigade in Ercis (Van), where his health deteriorated. After examination by two military doctors at the hospital in Van, he was transferred to the military hospital in Diyarbakir.
April 26, 2000, he finally obtained a certificate of unfitness for military service for heart failure and senescence.
He was finally forced to complain that the Turkish government has been condemned by the European Court of Human Rights to degrading treatment.
Turkey ranks third countries that have been most condemned by the European Court of Human Rights (Strasbourg).

mardi 26 juillet 2011

Rwanda / DRC: Congolese Gorillas return from exile

The male is called Ntabwoba (Fearless) and female gorillas meet the names of Pinga, Serufuli, Dunia, and Tumaini Itebero.
These larger cousins ​​of man are of Congolese origin. They just stay in the center of socialization at Kinigi (Ruhengeri), Rwanda, where they lived on vacation since January 2006.
On July 23, 2011, through cooperation between the services of preservation of the nature of the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda, they were repatriated to their home region, the site of Kasugho Lubero, 250 km north west of Goma, capital of North Kivu.
Lowland gorillas "Gorilla berengei graueri," the six Congolese primates bear little resemblance to the mountain gorillas of Rwanda.           
They were narrowly saved from the clutches of poachers.
By receiving six primates at the border between Rwanda and Congo, Chantal Kambibi Rugen, provincial minister of the environment in North Kivu praised the cooperation between the two countries as part of the protection of endangered animal spaces.
Six primates were sent to Goma airport where they were loaded onto a rental helicopter to the natural habitat of great apes, the sanctuary of Kasugho
According to Mr. Juan Carlos Bonilla, a citizen of Guatemala, vice president of global environmental organization "Dian Fossey Gorilla Foundation", six rotations in total will be made to ensure the transfer of six primates to the center GRACE (Gorilla Conservation and Rehabilitation Education Center ) of Kasugho, near the Tayna Nature Reserve, in Lubero territory.
Statistics from the Congolese Institute for Conservation of Nature (I.C.C.N.) / Nord Kivu report of four baby gorillas mountain also returned after a socialization center Kinigi Rwanda.

If the gorillas return why men do not they return?

Ago in Rwanda, more than 53,000 Congolese refugees and 89,000 Rwandans in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
As primates Congolese refugees have fled insecurity and violence in the wars that ravaged the Great Lakes region since 1993.
While the Congolese refugees yearn to return home, Rwandans refugees in Congo wish to be naturalized.
Differences between groups of refugees, lies mainly in how they are entered in their host country.
After the genocide in Rwanda in 1994, the Hutus have virtually invaded the Congo (then Zaire) with the blessing of the international community, creating insecurity, which forced the Congolese (mainly Congolese Tutsi) to seek refuge in Rwanda.
Years later, these same Hutu refugees from Rwanda are sowing terror in the regions east of the DRC, the natives ransom, rape their women, etc. ...
Their bad reputation is reflected in their poor fellow "refugees normal" who dream of integrating parts of the DRC and to be forgotten.
This deplorable situation has greatly affected the Belgian King H.M., Albert II, when handed the King Baudouin Prize for Development in the Congolese doctor, who treats Denis Mukwege in very difficult conditions raped women of the Great Lakes.
He called on the EU and the UN to help the DR Congo and neighboring countries to end this situation in his message at the Belgian National Day,  July 21, 2011.

Malaysia: Ramadan in space.

October 10, 2007, the Malaysian astronaut (Angkasawan), Dr Dr Sheikh Shukor Sheikh Mustapha Al Masri bin (born 1972) flew from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to join the International Space Station (ISS) for 10 days, provided a guide to observe the ritual of Ramadan since the first space.
The 20-pages manual was specially prepared for him by Muslim theologians Malaysian Department of Islamic Affairs (Jakim) in Malaysia. It was translated into Russian, English and Arabic to be used by other Muslim astronauts.
It shows how to refrain from eating and drinking from sunrise to sunset, how to pray towards Mecca on board the vessel special.
If the astronaut decided to fast in space, he also had the opportunity to make a fast alternative to returning to Earth - it will comply with the time from Baikonur.
"We would be pleased that our astronaut chooses to fast and he tells us his experience. He will perhaps realize that fasting in space allows for greater concentration," explained Anan C. Mohd, Director of Jakim, in the English-language daily The Star Kuala Lumpur.
As for the five daily prayers, a Muslim should in theory perform 80 times a day, as the ISS goes around Earth 16 times in twenty-four hours.
"But taking into account the situation and the discretion left by Islam, we decided to limit the number of prayers to that in use on Earth," Mr. Mohd.
Dr Sheikh was also a model, and posed for many commercials advertisements.

lundi 25 juillet 2011

Netherlands: Sale of anti-cannabis signs

In February 2006, the city of Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands (780,152 inhabitants in 2011) tried to ban smoking cannabis in some areas. The mayor led the Labour mayor Job Cohen Marinus, born in 1947 in a liberal Jewish family-placed signs provided for this purpose. But they were stolen so they created a craze.
The city authorities have planned to market what has become the first sign anti-cannabis.
The prohibitory sign represents a well stocked enclosed swimming in thick smoke marijuana leaves decorated with white, all circled in red.
More than 400 people have contacted local authorities to buy one of these panels, sold 90 euros, excluding postage. Customers come particularly from the United States, Singapore, Australia, Scandinavia and Germany.
The profits from sales will be donated to a charity yet to be defined.
Possession of small amounts of soft drugs are legal since 1976. You can buy up to five grams in the coffee shop, shopping with a special license to trade.
Consumption in private places is tolerated. Consumption in public places is subject to stricter regulation: no disturbance of public order, no consumption in the presence of children (schools, public transport).
Since 1999, mayors can make orders prohibiting the consumption of drugs on the street.
In Amsterdam, there is a chain coffee shop, the "Bulldog's". These institutions are highly tourist places.
The supply of coffee shop remains illegal but tolerated, given the role of these institutions in the Dutch policy on drugs.
Amsterdam was placed at the forefront of the news not for economic or commercial reasons, but due to the tolerance of the city towards the use of soft drugs, making it a city of choice for the hippy generation.

dimanche 24 juillet 2011

Nigeria / DR Congo: From prison to power!

Nigeria: A prisoner elected governor

May 29, 2007, Chief Theodore Orji Ahamefule (59 years) was elected governor of Abia State, south-eastern Nigeria while serving three months detention prison Kirikiri. Candidate of the Peoples Alliance for Progress (APP-Opposition), he had been imprisoned a few weeks before the election.
He topped the poll ahead of his main rival in the ruling party, the People's Democratic Party (PDP), Chief Onyema Ugochukwu.
Scenes of jubilation greeted the announcement of the streets of the capital Umuahia, when the PDP candidate, unhappy, denounced irregularities and tampering.
Theodore Orji Ahamefule, which was made even more popular and sympathetic with voters, has been released immediately in the days following his election.
He was sworn in May 2007 after being granted immunity, like all governors of Nigeria.
Nigeria has witnessed other cases. Moshood Abiola died in prison          July 7, 1998 after winning a presidential election annulled in 1993 while Obasanjo was triumphantly elected president of Nigeria in 1999 after been sentenced to life in prison for conspiracy and served time in prison until June 1998.

DR Congo: JP. Bemba, a prisoner of the ICC, candidate for President of the Republic.

Author of a book with the evocative title "Le choix de la liberté (The Choice of Freedom)" (published by Venus, Gbadolite, 2002), the son of Jeannot Bemba Saolona (1942-2009) born on November 4, 1962 at Bokada in the Equateur province has not the freedom that he evokes in his book.
In 2003, he was sentenced by a Belgian court in absentia "for human trafficking."
Arrested in Brussels May 24, 2008, following a mandate set the day before the International Criminal Court (ICC). He was imprisoned at the prison in Scheveningen in Holland, having passed through the prison of Saint-Gilles in Brussels. Accused of serial rapes, looting, killings and even cannibalism, he is awaiting trial.

Itinerary of a spoiled child?

After high school to college Boboto in Kinshasa, he obtained a degree in commercial and consular at the Institut des Hautes Etudes Commerciales (ICHEC) in Brussels.
Back in Kinshasa, he followed his father in business (Telecommunications, Aviation, Broadcasting, etc.).
Bemba's family is so tied to the President of Zaire, Mobutu Sese Seko (1930-1997) that he is suspected to be his illegitimate son.
His sister is married to Mobutu Nzanga, resulting from the second bed of the dictator of Zaire.
In his last days, the president of Zaire assigned missions the most delicate and probably dream of making him his successor.
In May 1997, when Mobutu was ousted by Laurent Kabila, fearing for his life, he went into exile in Portugal.
A year later with the logistical support and military president of Uganda, Yoweri Museveni, he founded the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC). Its armed wing, the Congo Liberation Army (CLA) is composed mainly of former members of the defunct National Army Zaire.

An army of vandals, rapists and cannibals.

In 2002, from his stronghold of Gbadolite (Ecuador), at the request of Libyan President Gaddafi Mo'ammar, he sent his militia of 1.500 men to help President Ange-Félix Patassé (1937-2011), to violently suppress the population after a attack of the rebellion led by his former chief of staff, General Francois Bozize (Central African current president).
Ragged troops nicknamed "Banyamulenge" by the Central Africans to benefit 3,000 women raped Central, 500 Central Africans were killed and to plunder in some districts of Bangui, Bimbo and the towns of Damara Sibut, Bossangoa ... During the period October 26, 2002 and March 15, 2003.
Bemba and Patasse order their soldiers to terrorize civilians to dissuade them to ally with Bozize's rebels. The crackdown left more than 650 victims. This is what the ICC prosecutor, Luis Moreno Ocampo, calls for war crimes and crimes against humanity.
In 2003, he was accused of cannibalism on Mambasa pygmies in the Zairian forest by the UN
June 30, 2003, as part of the peace process initiated by the UN, he was co-opted vice president in charge of Economy and Finance in the transitional government.
Candidate in the 2006 presidential election under the banner of the MLC, he happens in the first round with 20% of the vote behind his rival Joseph Kabila Kabange.
July 27 to August 22, 2006, his militia of 2,000 men strong clash with troops loyal. He escaped a bombing of his home where he had met with Western ambassadors, members of the International Committee in Support of the Transition (CIAT) and the representative of the UN Mission for Congo (MONUC), the American William Swing. In the second round of presidential elections, supported by the coalition "Union for the Nation (UN)", he got 42% of the vote.
January 19, 2007, he was elected senator. 22 and 23 March 2007, his militia mutiny and face the Congolese Armed Forces in the streets of Kinshasa. The fights are all dead and 600 wounded. He took refuge at the Embassy of South Africa in Kinshasa.
Fearing for his safety and covered by a warrant, he took refuge in Faro, Portugal pretext of medical care.

Utopia or Lure: From Scheveningen to Mont-Ngaliema?

On July 22, 2011, from his cell, he wrote a letter read at the congress of his party, the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) which was asked the other candidate, former president of the National Assembly, Vital Kamerhe: "My candidacy for president will be, should you be pleased with him, a candidate for a certain victory" (...) "I assure you that my desire to serve the Congo is intact. Rest assured, I will not fall not give up. I do not fear the justice of man, only God's justice matters to me (...) My eyes are firmly fixed on the end of 2011. I prepared every day "
         The presidential election, a poll in a single turn in the Democratic Republic of Congo is scheduled for November 28, 2011, while the trial of the candidate Jean-Pierre Bemba began November 22, 2010. August 22, 2011 it will resume before the Trial Chamber III of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague, the seat of the Court. At that time, he will be neither voter nor eligible.
Since his arrest, his property and assets were frozen. He did not even have money to pay his lawyers Nkwebe Liriss Bar of Gombe in Kinshasa and Aime Kilolo Musamba Lubemba who said that they are working free of charge. They received 30,150 Euros per month made by the office of the ICTY, a loan repayable after the procedure.
But who will pay the election? And if it was just a campaign to jam the real campaign chair the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Why are other opponents of President Joseph Kabila Kabange, Etienne Tshisekedi wa Mulumba and Vital Kamerhe Were in The Hague, the ICTY see the prisoner before launching their campaigns through the Congolese provinces? What are the three words?

An application for an alibi or derision?

Article 7 of the Congolese electoral law stipulates that voters can not be:
-A person deprived by final judicial decision of their civil and political
-A non-registered on the electoral roll,
-A person who is abroad.

Section 8 requires a home address of residence or domicile.
Are ineligible:
-Persons deprived of their civil and political rights.
-Persons convicted of war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity by an international criminal court.

But after spending three years in prison in Scheveningen, what else could dream of, if not in power, who had been falsely called "Mwana Mboka" and just missed in 2006 to succeed his putative father, Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu wa Za Banga at the head of Zaire?

Is it a candidate for derision or rather a bid to prepare an alibi of the next armed rebellion in the Democratic Republic of Congo in light of the violence that often engages "Bana Mboka" who swear by the murder of President Joseph Kabila Kabange, the favorite for the next presidential election?

"What frightens me, Martin Luther King said,  is not the oppression of the wicked  but the indifference of good"

samedi 23 juillet 2011

Norway: A tribute to Colonel Sir Nils Olav II.

Sir Nils Olav II of Norway is a penguin living in the 90 cm of Edinburgh Zoo in Scotland. He is the mascot became colonel of the Royal Norwegian Guard. August 15, 2008, he was knighted during a visit of the Royal Guard in Scotland. This promotion was approved by the Norwegian King Harald V.
         At the ceremony of knighthood, the authorities have cited the praise of King Harald V said he was "skilled in all areas to receive the honor and dignity of knighthood". The ceremony was attended by several hundred people and the 130 soldiers of the Royal Guard.
Here is his story: When the Norwegian Royal Guard went to the festival Edinburgh Military "Military tattooed" in 1961 for a performance, the lieutenant Nils Egelien interested in the zoo's penguin colony in Edinburgh.
         In the second Edinburgh Military Tattoo in 1972, he succeeded in adopting a penguin in the Guard. It's nicknamed Nils Olav in honor of Lieutenant and King of Norway, Olav V.
Nils Olav was promoted to vice corporal and received a new promotion each time the Royal Guard was going to the Edinburgh Military Tattoo. He was promoted to corporal in 1982 and Sergeant in 1987 but died shortly after.
         The relief was given to Nils Olav II, another strong-armed like the zoo, which was promoted to sergeant major of the regiment in 1993 and promoted to the rank of colonel August 17, 2005.
         A statue of four feet was erected in his honor at the Edinburgh Zoo and one at the military base at Huseby in Oslo with the words "At Edinburgh Zoo and the people of Edinburgh to celebrate the links between custody Royal and the Edinburgh Military Tattoo."

vendredi 22 juillet 2011

Greece: The Trojan War did not take place.

Among the mythological Greek war, the most famous is that of "Troy". At its origin, the removal of a nude bather name of Helen, the daughter of Agamemnon, king of Mycenae.
All the little Greeks learn in school. In 1988, what was the surprise of the Greeks to relive the myth of the beautiful wife of Agamemnon. Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou (1919-1996), who was 69 years old would resign because of a beautiful Greek! Would there be a modern war of Troy?
God thank you, Dimitra Liani the beautiful was single, was not naked, but in the uniform of an air hostess in the Greek airline, Olympic Airlines.
         Troy was replaced by the old official residence of Prime Minister, the Trojan Hector was a plane and was replaced by ... the first lady of the Hellenic Republic, the American Margaret Chant Papandreou (1951-1989)!
Today his son, Prime Minister Georgios A. Papandreou was born in 1952 is struggling like the devil to save Greece from bankruptcy!

jeudi 21 juillet 2011

China: The Museum of espionage closed to the public!

An unusual museum dedicated to espionage was inaugurated in May 2009 at the Centre for Education on National Security in the city of Nanjing in Jiangsu, a province in eastern China. Access is prohibited to foreigners due to sensitive information.
Guns hidden in pens, cigarettes, tubes of lipstick, canes and flashlights, listening devices and hidden documents in card games. The classic of an old James Bond China's Maoist era.
According to the newspaper "Le Matin of Nanking", the museum is built in two overlapping circles, one representing the moon, another sun to signify the cause of state security is as bright as the sun and moon together ... and the world of espionage is always double-sided!
Chinese visitors only cheminent across four areas:
-The period from the founding of the Communist Party to power up in Beijing by Mao Zedong in 1949 that pays tribute to "unsung heroes working in the heart of the enemy."
-The period following the advent of New China that glorifies the departments of State Security has consolidated the new regime.
-The international espionage in the twentieth century.
-The challenges of State Security today.
Woe to the Chinese visitor wishing to get out of the picture "pirates".
There is one in Washington and another in London, but open to the public!

mercredi 20 juillet 2011

Belgian and D. R. of Congo: Mobutu’s belgian pilot tells !

Mobutu and his white airline pilots.

"The president was very proud to have whites as crew. He even made us a great pleasure to show off to guests. We were required to attend all the dinners, receptions, tours and speeches. Finally, all that was official with the protocol imposed by the visit of a head of state. Experiences more interesting. Except for such rhetoric coolers anti-colonial tirades and vengeful words against Europeans. They were not pleasant or fun moments to share.
When only six white people in an assembly of hundreds of people of color, it stands out as the full moon in the middle of the night. You could feel the eyes of the whole assembly weigh on us, so we tried to be small, very small. Not easy in those enormous palace. "

The intermediate landing of President Mobutu at Djibouti

"The following story is a bit more comical than others. It could even be used to frame a piece of boulevard. This took place in Djibouti.
Djibouti is a tiny state located between Ethiopia and the Gulf of Aden. From Addis Ababa, along DC Super 8 President put his 150 tons on the only asphalt track in the country. A Follow-Me beckons us to place ourselves in front of the terminal. This is where, as usual, the honors went to the visitors. But here the journey had been decided in the final minute.
Engines off, the General gets up and adjusts his cap in leopard skin. The door opens, but at the bottom of the stairs, one of the authorities of the welcoming committee motioned to wait. It just closes the door for more discretion. It is very hot and cooling is slow to get under way. Then begins a long wait under a blazing sun on the fuselage.
For what reason was it serious though to wait so long one of the heads of state's largest continent?
The answer came a little later. When the protocol was established for the receipt of General, someone noticed that the flag hoisted at the mainmast was that of Congo before 1971!
         However, since the name of this country had changed, of course the colors had done the same. It was unwise that General noticing this horrible neglect. Djibouti was still governed by France and diplomatic problems could occur for much less than that. "

Quickly replaced the Congolese flag by the new flag of Zaire.

"But where the new flag of Zaire? They looked in every direction. Finally someone remembered that at the bottom of the cabinets located in an office of the governor, there was a package that could possibly contain this flag. At full speed, a jeep took him on the airfield.
Not to attract attention, it was ordered not to let this confusion, not to run and avoid too busy. It was hoped that no one would notice what was happening. But time was short. Finally sound like much, holding a package under his arm, a legionnaire appeared to lower the bad flag. He untied the rope from the pole and began to shoot. But suddenly everything stops.
The rope seemed to have stuck in the small pulley at the top of the mast. The man was beautiful shot, nothing worked. No way to get that damn flag. A wave of amazement passed over the delegation home. This is the flag of the former Congo, locked, floating impetuously half mast. What to do?
- We must climb the pole and bring the flag, shouted someone. - No! Had replied an officer of the Foreign Legion. It will not make it like that. Especially do not get out. Look for a ladder. - No, too obvious and then there is not at hand! - Then find a saw. Quick, cut the stem and remove the damn flag.
But a saw is not more easily than a scale. Several minutes passed before someone comes back with a circular saw and an extension. Meanwhile we had brought a vehicle to mask the foot of the mast. A legionnaire went to work but it took some time. Meanwhile, another legionnaire had prepared the new flag pole on a second signal and waited for the lift. "

A diplomatic incident near miss between France and Zaire.

"Inside the cabin, the weather was long. The air conditioning had seen better days and I remember that General, wearing his eternal crown of fur, sweating heavily. We, too. All this looked like a big joke, yet they were moments of great importance for both countries. In diplomacy, the smallest fact can be interpreted as an insult, offend or insult.
That day, there was no scandal, no altercation. I do not know if General became aware of something. But he knew perfectly well dominate in any case he did not let the inconvenience he had caused the long wait. The stop in this small country was planned for a few hours.
She had decided just to maintain good relations with the French government. Nothing more. When all was in order, the passengers were finally able to get off the plane. Despite improvisation, there were some shots bugle sounding an unknown hymn, a short speech of welcome and hugs. The call lasted an hour or two at most, then the unit said the air. Branch, Mumbai in India.
The memory of this kind of interlude always amused me. Too bad they were not more frequent. It would have been more fun to tell. Moments of life saved from oblivion ... "

Story told by Lievin van Outryve of Ydewalle

Born in 1937 in Brussels. Former pilot of the Belgian Air Force, he  was captain and pilot of Air Zaire DC8 of Mobutu.

Entering the DC8 Mobutu causes a severe Belgo-Zairian crisis.

April 5, 1987, entering the Air Zaire DC8 in Ostend by a judge of Bruges in Belgium, which causes a severe Belgo-Zairian crisis.
The airline was a former Zairian Belgian driver, the $ 5.2 million in damages FB.
In response to this input, the representations of Air Zaire in Belgium are closed and the aircraft of the Belgian airline Sabena are prohibited from landing in Kinshasa.
The Zairian Press Agency (AZAP) written with a certain humor that Zaire has decided to leave to Belgium said DC8 "in aid and assistance."
         And adds: "The opinion supports Zaire less the variety and seemingly unlimited debts under various forms, and has been for over 25 years, the Republic of Zaire is still paying to this country and unable decidedly nostalgic to understand the change "
The Zairian President furious told  to  Siradiou Diallo of  Jeune Afrique: "As long as me, Mobutu, I am alive, the DC8 will not be recovered by Zaire!".

A month and a half later, the DC8 was back in Kinshasa.

mardi 19 juillet 2011

Sierra Leone: The snakes attack the police.

In June 2009 the police station in the town of Gerihun, in the region of Bo in Sierra Leone was invaded by 400 snakes, cobras and vipers.
Unable to dislodge them, the police and firefighters called to the snake charmers and the army.
"We first flooded the building, then fired into the crowd at the Kalashnikov when the reptiles were attempting an exit," said the head of the police station Gerihun.
The locals do not dare complain to the Commissioner: "Even in daylight, snakes appear by the dozens," told the spokesman of the police, Brima Kota.
Wild animals attack humans regularly in rural areas of Sierra Leone, abandoned during the years of civil war.
A few years ago, a farmer was shredded by wild cows in the same region, while in the east of elephants have caused panic, killing nine people and forced 600 others to leave their homes suddenly.

lundi 18 juillet 2011

La Paz, Seoul, Kuwait City, Kiev, Hargeisa, Kinshasa, Caracas, Buenos Aires, Abuja, Kabul ...: "The growing pains of democracy!"

"In some democracies, the best candidate in the parliamentary election should be a wrestler or a professional boxer"

La Paz: battle in  the Constituent Assembly of Bolivia!

August 24, 2007, a pitched battle with the Bolivian Chamber of Deputies broke because of the political deadlock surrounding the reforms of socialist President Evo Morales.
         The dialogue was stuck between the Movement Towards Socialism (MAS), President Evo Morales holds a simple majority in Parliament and the opposition Liberal and Conservative holding the majority in the Senate.
The debate began about the fate of four judges of the Constitutional Tribunal (TC), dismissed by the government for incompetence and corruption. Conservative MPs who hold the majority in the Senate have immediately denounced a violation of the new Constitution.
After a suspension of a stormy session, the deputies saw that pro-Morales Conservatorium colleagues had taken over the chairmanship of the meeting, launched the assault, causing quarrels with exchanges of kicks and punches, under the gaze of the cameras on national television.
Took office January 22, 2006, President Evo Morales, the first Bolivian president of Amerindian origin, former leader of coca growers, has made major reforms (especially land) and major changes that face the opposition of the great landowners.
In October 2006, the government nationalized the gas industry in particular, the main wealth of Bolivia. In retaliation, the oil companies are reluctant to invest in the sector and ensure the maintenance of their facilities while waiting for more "legal certainty"
"Those who discriminate against those who exploit and marginalize those who hate the peasant movement must be stopped, as inequality and injustice," he said.
On December 6, 2009, he was triumphantly re-elected with over 64% of the vote. His party holds an absolute majority in both houses.
Which put a temporary end to the fighting skirmishes and rows in the National Assembly.

Seoul: Brawl in Parliament for the freedom of the press.

On July 22, 2009, in Seoul, the Grand National Party (GNP), right-wing conservative party in power passed a series of projects, legislation, long delayed, that ease restrictions for media owners.
The opposition says these laws allow large conglomerates (chaebols) and conservative newspapers to control the TV and to restrict the freedom of the press.
Members of the Democratic Party (DP), left, stormed the perch of the President of the National Assembly while their colleagues are trying to push out the elected representatives of the opposition who had barricaded the entrance to the Parliament with seats.
An elected the Democratic Party is thrown to the ground while his colleagues in the opposition violently attack and try to jump over the heads of their colleagues right that prevent physical targeting of the President of the August meeting.
During the fight, around Parliament, the police arrested 200 members of the media who tried to demonstrate.
"There were several wounded," the report said the Korea Times.

Kuwait: A member abused for his comments on suspected terrorists of Al Qaeda!

On May 18, 2011, the Parliament of Kuwait, a brawl broke out during the debate on the detainees at Guantanamo of Kuwait.
The United States has already released 10 Kuwaitis at Guantanamo, but they have so far rejected all calls from their ally Kuwait for the liberation of two other prisoners.
On 1 December 2010, Kuwait had denied that his Minister of Interior Sheikh Jaber Al-Khalid Al-Sabah had asked Washington to let die his two fellow detainees at Guantanamo, as reported by a U.S. diplomatic cable, the February 5, 2009, quoted by WikiLeaks.
Shiite MP Hussein Al-Qallaf is accused by MPs to deal with Salafis "of al Qaeda," the Guantanamo detainees. The Honourable Mohammed Hayef Salafis, Al Waleed Al-Tabtabai and Jimaan Hirbish use their iqaal (head covering) to hit Al-Qallaf. Shiite MP Adnan Al-Mutawa who tries to stop the fight and gets beaten was wounded in the eye.
He accused Sunni MPs not to believe in democracy, noting that assaulting a physical opponent was "a form of terrorism."
Parliament Speaker Sheikh Jassem al-Kharafi adjourned the meeting until May 31, 2011 and ordered a parliamentary investigation.
"It's shameful. This is an incident unprecedented in fifty years of parliamentary democracy "said a Kuwaiti daily English.
The news was a shock to the Kuwaitis more used to the quiet of their National Assembly. This fight showed the low level of their deputies and left without hope of improving the conditions of the country.
Relations are strained in Kuwait between the Shiite minority, which represents some 30% of the 1.1 million indigenous and with 9 of 50 elected members of Parliament and the Sunnite majority, against a background of local and regional tensions.
The tension has increased during the deployment in March of a force in the Gulf to Bahrain to quell pro-democracy protests led by the Shiite majority in this country, Kuwait and the dismantling of a cell spy the benefit of the Revolutionary Guards, the elite corps of the army of the Republic of Iran.

Kiev: Trouble "almost normal" in the Ukrainian Parliament.

On April 27, 2010, a fight occurs in the Ukrainian Parliament. Members debate the ratification of a controversial deal on keeping Ukraina from the Russian fleet in the Black Sea. The session degenerates and ends by throwing eggs and smoke bombs.
Meanwhile, outside Parliament, thousands of demonstrators protesting in the street.
Opponents of the project chanted "Shame!", "Death to the traitors!", "Crimea is ours! " or " fleet outside of Moscow! ".
         They burned portraits of President Vladimir Putin and Viktor Yanukovych.
While the pro-Yanukovych protesters carried signs, that read: "Ukraina and Russia, strategic partners," "The Rada supports the president."
         Smoke bombs were thrown into the chamber. The President of the "Verkhovna Rada (the Ukrainian National Assembly),"
  Volodymyr Lytvyn was hit by gunfire egg, causing scenes of confusion in the room. The discussion was soon interrupted.
Finally, MEPs adopted by 236 "for" the controversial agreement which provides for the maintenance of a Russian naval base in Crimea until 2042 against the advice of some of the Ukrainian political class.          The voting results were read by the Parliament, throwing eggs protected under black umbrellas!
Hundreds of riot police were deployed there. They were trying to block access of protesters to Parliament and to separate them from hundreds of demonstrators pro-Yanukovich, the Ukrainian President.

And two,

On December 12, 2010, a violent fight broke out between members of the Party of Regions President Viktor Yanukovych blocked by the House in favor of his opponent, Julia Timotchenko (former Prime Minister), who were protesting against a corruption investigation against him.
Six members of the party of Julia Tymoshenko were seriously injured. There were concussions, a broken jaw and multiple bruises.
This fight was unfortunately not the first nor the last in the Ukrainian Parliament.

And three,

On May 18, 2011, Vice President of the Ukrainian parliament, Adam Martynyuk, tried to strangle his colleague, Oleg Lyashko who had "treated of a Pharisee," that is to say "a Jewish extremist."
Enraged, he jumped on him and grabbed him by the throat!
After releasing his throat, he started to shake until the other members involved to separate them.

And four,

On July 5, 2011, dozens of activists of the movement Ukrainian FEMEN invaded the courtyard of the Ukrainian Parliament topless imitating the bullfighters to protest against the proposed raising the retirement age (55 to 60 years for women and 60 to 62 years for civil servants) to be adopted in July 2011.
Dressed in black pants and a jacket covering small arms and upper back, bare-breasted women ran into the yard, waving a red cloth like bullfighters in front of police who quickly arrested .
"Our action is the reform of brutes. People do not just survive until the age of retirement," shouted one activist FEMEN.
The reform of the pension system deficit is largely one of the main conditions required by the IMF to resume its assistance to Ukraine, suspended since late 2010.

Hargeisa: Somaliland Parliament Brawl.

         On September 8, 2009, police in Somaliland took control of parliament after a violent between members of the presidential quarrel (33 seats) and the opposition (48 seats).

A member of the party of President Dahir Riyale Kahin (57) threatened a member of the opposition with a revolver.
         "The police intervened hastily to take control of the situation" reported a police official of Somaliland, Mohamed Adan Warfa.
The dispute erupted when the opposition moved a motion of censure against President Riyale. Members of the presidential meanwhile had submitted a motion of censure against the president of the National Assembly, Abdirahman Mohamed Abdillahi.
After an altercation, a member of the ruling party hit an opposition colleague.
"They started to fight. The police came to close the chamber," he told the opposition MP, Ibrahim Mahdi.
All members were evacuated and police took control of the building. Bodyguards of members were disarmed according to Mohamed Adan Warfa.
The situation was calm in the morning in the streets of Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland. The parliamentary session was to resume normally. The political tension preceding the presidential election September 27, 2009.
Somaliland (137,600 km2), with a population of 3.5 million inhabitants has unilaterally declared its independence on May 18, 1991, while the rest of Somalia plunged into civil war after the fall of the dictator Mohamed Siad Barre (1919-1995).
         This independence is not recognized by the international community.
Dahir Riyale Kahin succeeded the late Mohamed Ibrahim Egal May 3, 2002.
On July 27, 2010, he was replaced by Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud, "Silanyo".

Kinshasa: Two sections of the Congolese constitution changed after a scuffle!

On January 11, 2011, members of National Parliament have approved the proposed constitutional amendment initiated by the deputies Christopher Robin Minaku and Lutundula Apala, former vice president of the National Assembly and member of the Solidarity Movement for Democracy and Development.
Disgruntled members of the opposition were first concert outside of the room before Parliament to denounce the irregularity of the procedure. Without explanation, the member of the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) Francois Muamba, opposition leader brandishes the threat of a confidence motion the President of the National Assembly, Evariste Boshab (already signed by sixty deputies) .
To prevent members of the majority to impose numerical law, members of the opposition invade the top of the podium with the maximum of sounds: whistles, drums shots come from all sides.
After a brief suspension of the meeting, follows a stormy session in the control of the tribune: pulling, pushing and exchange punches.          
 Finally, the opposition decided to withdraw from the Chamber.
"The parliamentary opposition has held urgent leave, because the Bureau violated the rules, the constitution and does not respect the procedure. We have filed this morning, a motion of no confidence against President Evariste Boshab. The Congolese people must take note of what is happening ." Tell Kiawama Kia Kiziki Gilbert, former minister of President Mobutu Sese Seko (1930-1997)  and the parliamentary group of Christian Democrats (CDC).
After this incident, unprecedented in the annals of parliamentary Congo, the revision of the constitution is approved by the presidential majority with no opposition.
"The way the presidential election of the Republic will now turn into one" is the true reason for the brawl at the Palace of the People!
Democratic Republic of Congo since 2001 is headed by President Joseph Kabila (elected in 2006).
         The next presidential election is scheduled for December 2011.

Iran: Mullah Menace in the Iranian Parliament.

They would have thought arranged, rosaries in hand, strapped in their jubas (further coats) as their Imam (black or white turbans) in unison chanting "Allah Akbar! "To approve Islamic law imposed by the" Hujjat al-Islam 'Ali Khamenei and his twelve councilors.
Not at all! On May 8, 2011, a fight in the Iranian parliament on the budget this year was between the different factions.
         Mullah Rahmani screaming and shouting stood up in front of the parliament speaker, Ali Larijani and Mullah shouted fist raised, "What you just did is a betrayal: I'll make a carnage!" reported the official news agency Mehr.
Mullah Rahmani was then rushed to the perch to move up the march. The other members have tried in vain to stop it. Come to roost, he again shouted, "This is a betrayal of the people." Control, it was pushed out of Parliament!
The chaos that followed was interrupted by the suspension of the session by the Speaker of Parliament.
Mullah Ali Larijani is the son of a great marjaa (source of emulation), Ayatollah Mirza Hashem Amoli, died in 1993 but whose credit among the clergy was considerable.
         In June 2005, he was unhappy with the Office of the President of Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad face.
The article had angered Mullah Rahmani concerned Simineh River, which runs through the area Miandoab (Qoshachay Azeri) in the province of Azerbaijan, populated mostly by Azeri Turks!

Caracas:  Brawl in Venezuelan Parliament.

In February 2009, the Venezuelan National Assembly was the scene of a violent fight between the opposition and the elected Chavez over control of firearms in the country.
The fight was triggered by a mere passing of time. The images were broadcast live on television.
Parliament was working on a law on the disarmament process which is not based on repression, but the incentive to provide the authorities with guns and other assault rifles illegal, anonymous and a reward cons: fellowship, good purchasing, travel ...
         The coins would be immediately destroyed to prevent possible theft or resale.
In fact 26 out of 28 million firearms circulating in this country of 28 million are legal and are responsible for over 90% of homicides.           
The Bolivarian Republic has recorded 14,000 homicides in 2010 with 48 victims per 1,000 people.

Argentina: An opposition MP slapped a colleague in the open chamber.

         November 17, 2010, the member Graciela Camano, president of a parliamentary committee, opposing the policy of the Argentine President Cristina Fernandez Kirchner slapped his colleague Miguel Carlos Kunkel (66) during full parliamentary debate.
MP, Graciela Camano, has explained on his gesture: "It's been years that the member, Carlos Kunkel, attacking me with disparaging remarks. He blames me and my husband is a trade unionist. Only personal attacks! And I am careful not to go on that ground. I'm here to do politics. "
That day, the Argentine Parliament were to adopt the final text of the Budget 2011. This was not done for lack of quorum because two other deputies of the opposition have reported receiving phone calls urging them to vote the text!
         After a stormy session, the meeting was adjourned sine die.

Taiwan: brawl in parliament.

As the Ukrainian Parliament, the Parliament of Taiwan fights are common.
On July 8, 2010, more than 70 MPs have come to blows.          Members of the opposition anti-Beijing Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) first started grabbing their colleagues in the Nationalist Party (KMT) by the clothes and exchanged punches. In this makeshift boxing, three members of the KMT were injured and one of them was taken to hospital after a serious crash.
The object of the offense was a sensitive and passionate: «the trading partnership with China ».
         The opposition MPs in a statement admitted having had recourse to violence "after exhausting all other means to prevent the passage of the law."
         But we fight so often in the National Assembly Taiwan, one wonders if the battle should not write "hand games" in the constitution as a legal way to be heard.

Abuja: Death of a member during a fight in the Federal Parliament of Nigeria.

June 22, 2010, Dr. Aminu Shuaibu Safan (46), Member of Parliament, elected in Katsina State (North) passed away at the state hospital in Abuja as a result of blows received during a violent fight to the Federal Assembly.
         The battle was punctuated by punches, blows the whistle, used tear gas, evacuation muscular, ripped clothing. Two deputies were injured. In the process, journalists are harassed and some of their seized property
The quarrel was caused by the fate of the president of the Lower House of Parliament (Speaker) from June to October 2007, Ms. Patricia Etteh (b. 1953) who refused to resign at the request of lawyers, religious and trade union .
According to the News Agency of Nigeria NAN, the President went to the hospital, where "she burst into tears" over the body of the member.
         The death has given a further turn ignited the dispute over the fate of the president, a member of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP to power), also suspected of being the mistress of former President Olusegun Obasanjo Matthew (1999-2007 ).

Kabul: Fighting between two elected to the "Wolesi Jirga," the Afghan National Assembly.

On July 5, 2011, two Afghan MPs fought in full National Assembly with his fists after a violent exchange of amenities.
The retired general, Zaki Nazif spoke harshly to her colleague Hamida Ahmadzai before him swinging a bottle of water on the head, according to images from private Tolo TV News.
MP Ahmadzai has returned the bottle. Zaki was then thrown over his neck to strangle. She then send a series of blows from fists in his face.
Members of male attempted to separate the two women exchanged heavy punches.
The Afghan National Assembly "Wolesi Jirga" is considered a rubber stamp orders of President Hamid Karzai in power since December 7, 2004.
         There is no majority or opposition. Sixty-eight of 249 seats are reserved for women. It brings together former warlords of the anti-Soviet former communist personalities of obedience and elected officials from Western civil society.
Most Members did not wish to comment on the incident. Clashes, most frequently limited to verbal or throwing bottles, opposed from time to time, male members, but the clashes between women are extremely rare.
"Two of our colleagues began to quarrel and disrupted the session. I'm not sure the reasons for their dispute," he told to AFP the Assistant Secretary of the Assembly, Mohammad Farhad Azimi.
A member, who requested anonymity, told AFP that the wrath of Ms. Zaki was caused by a remark of Mrs. Ahmadzai, about the first Afghan Vice President Mohammad Qasim Fahim, warlord and former controversial right arm of Ahmed Shah Massoud (1953-2001 figure of the anti-Soviet and anti-Taliban from 1996 to 2001.

"The essence of democracy, its principle is precisely that it is never perfect, never-ending, never truly democratic," said the French philosopher Bernard-Henri Lévy