mercredi 31 août 2011

Angola / Portugal: The other side of colonization.

Bring to Africa his genius and his civilization.

"If we want to civilize the natives, we must instill a basic moral precept the idea that they have no right to live without working." said Machado Viera  Minister of Salazar in 1943.
Portuguese colonization was terrible because most of the Portuguese were illiterate, uneducated and widespread fear of the "native" leads them to set up a system of assimilation to the utmost, to mount the Metis against blacks, a race for the money race, closer one gets the white world, it was better "accepted".
These ambiguous relationship between Métis and other blacks continue to this day, albeit more subtly.
In 1951 the Portuguese colony of Angola became an "overseas province" of Portugal. Angolans could become "Portuguese citizens" under certain conditions, which were to read and to speak Portuguese correctly, to have any criminal record, to produce two witnesses of good character and a medical certificate.
The Governor General of Angola was appointed by the Council of Ministers of Portugal, it had the executive and legislative powers, but it was assisted by a Governing Council and a Legislative Council.

The descendants of Portuguese settlers: back to the golden age or in purgatory?

Since 2008, no fewer than 100,000 Portuguese had settled in Angola, one of former colony portuguese of Southern Africa (with Mozambique).
In 2010, more than 25,000 visa applications were filed by young Portuguese job seekers at the Embassy of Angola in Lisbon. If the migratory flow continued, the Portuguese community in Angola could regain its pre-independence: 500,000 people. Unheard of in the annals of post-colonial!
The new "Civilizados" of Huambo, Benguela, Benguela, Bié and Andula will they speak Portuguese Angola or will they learn Kimbundu, Kikongo or  Quioco?
How to accept without complaint the power of the descendants of "assimilados" and the "natives"?
Will they adopt the "Linguagem dos musseques (musseques the language of the slums of Angola)'?
The Brazilian, Lusophone, other traditional partners, are also attracted by the phenomenal growth of Luanda.
"There is a Wild West side, is exhilarating. While Portugal is the country where it really should not be now." Said João, a marketing consultant landed in southern Angola in 2007.

The consequences of this rush to the new Eldorado.

Since 2002, the influx of migrants has transformed the city of Luanda,  the most expensive of the World. The rush and lack of housing has dramatically raised rents.
         Since 2009, the Angolan capital is the most expensive city, ahead of Oslo, Tokyo, N'djamena, Moscow, New York, Copenhagen, Geneva and Osaka. In the center of the capital, the gleaming towers, overlooking the devastated neighborhoods, where some buildings still stand out by its many impacts of rockets and bullets, scars of a civil war that lasted 27 years.
Everything is to be built in Angola and its need for engineers, technicians and other experts are immense. Despite the presence of its 800 companies, Portugal is largely defeated by China's largest trading partner of Angola which showed a growth of 21% in 2008 against 1.8% in Portugal.
To cope with this busy man, Angola is building a new administrative capital in Kilamba Kiaxi and Zango in the province of Luanda for 2012, whose plans were developed by Oscar Niemeyer, aged 104 years (the architect designer Brasilia) and confided to engineer Jorge Faria Hamilton. Alone, the city of Kilamba Kiaxi will accommodate 120,000 residents in 2012.

"The Princess Isabel" and the conquest of Portugal in Angola.

She is a beautiful 39-year-Métis, eldest daughter of José Eduardo Dos Santos, President of Angola since 1979. Born's first marriage "Zedu" with a Russian. Married to the businessman, Sindika Dokolo (39 years) of Danish origin and Congolese, she weighs 34 million Euros and is associated with billionaire Portuguese, Américo Amorim Ferreira, the 212th World fortune  according to Forbes in 2010.
In late 2008, she bought for 164 million euros, a slice of 9.7% of shares held by the Portuguese Commercial Bank (BCP) in its rival BPI, the fourth largest private bank in Portugal.
In 2010,  the Angolan society Kento Holding, acquired the equivalent of 164 million euros, about 10% stake in Zon Multimedia, a large group operating in the media industry.
Taking advantage of the economic crisis in Portugal and thanks to petrodollars, the Angolan is investing in Portugal in all  relates companies of Portugal: Great hotels, luxury industry and especially banks and oil. With the financial strength of Sonangol, the national exploitation of gas and oil, Angola has an international economic machine that allows it to be a shareholder of the oil company Galp Energia and even the airline TAP Air Portugal.
         It has interests in subsidiaries Angolan Portuguese banks: 49.99% of Banco Millennium Angola SA, a subsidiary of the Commercial Bank of Portugal and 49% of the Banco do Fomento de Angola (BFA) with a capital of 6.4 billion dollars.
In this "Angolanisation" runaway foreign interests, the Portuguese Investment Bank (BPI) failed in 2008, its share of 49.9% in its subsidiary Unitel in Angola, Angolan operator mobile, owned 25% by Isabel dos Santos.

Revenge of the Palancas: Portugal, Angola's colony!

The Palancas is a rare antelope that lives only in Kuando Kubango. This is the animal symbol of Angola. Would she drive to take revenge?
In 1975, the Portuguese had deserted massivly after the Angola caused a terrible war of independence that has devastated Angola for 27 years. They returned to Portugal and took refuge in South Africa, from which they come back (or their descendants)  without making waves.
Today there are over 20,000 reside in Angola.
         While Brazil influence is felt in Luanda as in Lisbon, not only in music and soap operas (telenovelas), but also in the Internet, as most sites are hosted in Brazil, to circumvent deficits connections in Angola.
Portugal is gradually becoming a colony of Angola  all due to unhappy Lisbon's readers  with the economic daily "Jornal de Negocios" which jokes about the "Palancas offensive."
A businessman in Lisbon, José Calp, said: "Angola is the hope of salvation of the Portuguese economy"
         "It reminds me of the days of great discoveries, when our ancestors went to Africa to escape, too, the economic crisis,"
said Mario Bandeira, of the Higher Institute of Labour Studies and Business.

2 commentaires:

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  2. Interesting piece. I wonder are you using google translate to translate it?

    My hope for Angola is that it can seize this great opportunity to heal 40 years of conflict, and catch up to the position it should naturally have accrued after independence. That is: a multicultural society, dynamic and non-racial, prosperous on its own mineral wealth and labour.

    My great fear for Angola is that disillusionment among the poor sections will result in a backlash against government corruption and immigrant workers and return the country to civil war again, via the sorry politics of envy.

    Not that such people are wrong. There is no doubt a great deal of trouble to be dealt with, it's just that 40 years of fighting last time around helped no-one, and is just about the last thing Angola could ever need again. The other thing is that to expel the Portuguese and Brazilians would also be an act of pyrrhic suicide.

    Brazil, even more than Portugal is in a position to invest, instruct and develop many sectors of Angola's economy. It has a major advantage, that of not being associated as a 'colonial' power. It has experience in tropical agronomy, in petroleum, and construction, and under Lula, groundbreaking strategy for fighting poverty.

    On peace and diversity, Angola must be rebuilt.