vendredi 27 juin 2014

Spain: The "Holy Grail" victim of its success in Spain.

What is the origin of the Holy Grail?

In Christian tradition, the Holy Chalice is the vessel which Jesus used at the Last Supper to serve the wine. The vessel is referred to in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke, the word "cup" being generally used in English translations. The celebration of the Eucharist in Christian churches and communities retains the original elements of the Last Supper, the bread and the "cup" or chalice, with the celebrant using the words of Jesus, as recorded in the Gospels. There are traditions in the Catholic Church that the Holy Chalice still exists and may be identified with one of several candidates. However, the evidence supporting these claims is still widely questioned. The Holy Chalice is also associated with the Holy Grail, initially a specifically literary tradition, of medieval origin.

The Grail legend combined... with special powers !

A precious cup on display in the Basilica of San Isidro de Leon, in northern Spain, is a victim of its success since researchers have argued that it was the Holy Grail, the legendary cup used by Christ at his last meal.
         The Basilica of San Isidro home since the 1050s, "the chalice from the fourth or fifth century, is considered by the Christian communities in Jerusalem such as the Last Supper" has become a myth over the centuries, said Margarita Torres , professor of medieval history at the University of Leon and co-author of the survey.
         Adorned with gold and precious stones, cutting was known until now as the chalice of the Infanta Doña Urraca, daughter of Ferdinand 1 the Great, King of Leon 1037-1065.

Ferdinand I the Great, was he also the King of the Grail?

         But the discovery in 2011 of two Egyptian scrolls, preserved in the library of the University of Al-Azhar in Cairo, followed by three years of research, led Margarita Torres and his colleague José Miguel Ortega del Rio, art historian, to say that the chalice of the Spanish princess was the one last meal of Christ.
         Only its upper part, a Roman cut agate, says the historian, is the legendary relic remained for seven centuries in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem and finally offered Ferdinand 1, then one of the most powerful rulers Spanish Christendom, by an Arab emir of Spain who wanted to seal the peace with him.
         Historians then presented their book, "King of the Grail." Since then, the curious flocked to the museum of the basilica, where the cut was exposed.
         The chalice was removed from exposure waiting to be placed in a more appropriate place, says museum director, Raquel Jaen.

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