vendredi 18 décembre 2015

South Africa: The phallocratic power of a Zulu president !

The Rand, the South African currency sick of phallocratic power!

         It is sufficient if the rumor of infidelity evokes the new President Jacob Zuma for the Rand, the South African national currency plunges precipitously this Friday, December 11, 2015. It reached its lowest level against the 1 dollar to 16 , 05 rand and 17.58 rand against 1 euro. It has never seen since 1994. Plunging the crisis the economy of the African country most promising, in uncertainty.
         After giving sweats to financial investors, Pravin Gordhan's appointment was welcomed by Monday markets: South African rand resumed colors, trading in the afternoon at 15.13 to 1 US dollar. The bond rate of return South Africans had it exceeded 10%, the first in seven years in the first industrialized power in Africa. But the currency was still well below its Wednesday's securities (14.59 rands for 1 dollar) before the ouster of the unfortunate Nhlanhla Nene.          
         On December 9, 2015, based on rumors. Indeed, South Africans do not believe President Jacob Zuma, when denies having had sex with Dudu Myeni, Chair of Directors of the company South African Airways (SAA) since her promotion of sofa in 2009.
         For South Africans, it is clear that the refusal of signing the contract between the SAA and the European Airbus company is based on the dismissal of Finance Minister Nhnlahna Nene (in place since May 25, 2015) and his replacement by the incompetent David Van Rooyen, a MP of the African National Congress (A.N.C.).
          On December 13, 2015, the president appointed Pravin Gordhan of Indian origin, who has led the portfolio in 2009 and 2014 that finally reassured the markets. South Africa has avoided recession!
         The South African Rand resumed colors, trading in the afternoon at 15.13 to 1 US dollar. But the currency was still well below its Wednesday's securities (14.59 rands for 1 dollar) before the eviction of Nhlanhla Nene.
         "What is important is that a change has been made and that this action was taken to rectify what caused, in our economic blood bath," said Jessie Duarte in Johannesburg. But Nevertheless, South Africa of Zuma has had three ministers in a week because of a rumor about a possible sex story! 
South African économy under the president Zuma 

  Growth, the annual average was 4.8% between 2004 and 2008, continues to decline. It increased from 3.2% in 2011 to 2.2% in 2012 and 2013 and 1.5% in 2014. The IMF experts announce 1.4% this year and 1.3% for 2016. The unemployment hits 25% of the workforce. One in two of working age is unemployed. These results contrast with the dynamism of neighboring South Africa (Mozambique, Namibia), but also Zambia, D.R. Congo or its major competitor, Nigeria, whose growth rate prance beyond 5%. Foreign investment is down and morale of South African bosses at half mast as ever.
         Other symptoms that betray this drift: the fall of the rand, which lost 28% of its value against the dollar since the beginning of the year, and electricity cuts repeatedly, due to the carelessness of the public company Eskom, where six successive CEOs in seven years ...
         Wednesday, December 16, 2015, thousands of opponents of the A.N.C. took to the streets to demand the streets of African cities to demand the resignation of Jacob Zuma.

Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma, the indestructible male chauvinist!

         From the Zulu tribe, Jacob Zuma was born on April 12, 1942, married at least 4 wifes to 6 official wives. He is the biological father of a batch of 20 children from 11 different companions. Among his children, there are notably those of his ex-wife Nkozasana Dlamani-Zuma, who divorced with him  because of domestic violence. A brilliant woman, barded diplomas, which would certainly never met this self-taught "charismatic" in circumstances other than apartheid.
         This Jacob, who favors Zulu values ​​to the christian values ​​advocated not only outrageous polygamy but also sexual libertinism. The latter has already taken him to court. While South Africa was fighting against H.I.V. / A.I.D.S. (6,800,000 million South Africans, including 3.9 million children, for 52,981,991 inhabitants in 2013), he publicly acknowledged taking a shower after a single unprotected sex with an H.I.V.-positive. It was the time or late Ms. Manto Tshabalala-Msimang (1940-2009), Minister of Health of South Africa known as "Mrs. Beetroot" for having recommended to his countrymen to eat beets to avoid from H.I.V. /A.I.D.S..

“Unshini Wam”: The weapon of mass destruction!

         The scandal caused by a life-size painting representing President Jacob Zuma (as Lenin)  with penis in  well evidence entitled "The Spear" by the White artist, Brett Murray, on sale at price of 75,000 rand or 7. 132 euros, during the Cape exhibition entitled "Our fathers" in May 2012, inspired another Black artist, Ayanda Mabulu, who paints sexual attributes of president of the largest economy on the African continent, reports the South African newspaper "Mail and Guardian". The canvas is titled "Umshini Wam", literally "the weapon of mass destruction", represents Jacob Zuma in Zulu warrior, right leg raised to the sky, his masculine attributes prominently. A treason for the African National Congress (A.N.C.), the ruling party since 1994. Accused of ride the wave initiated by Brett Murray, Ayanda Mabulu wanted to highlight their differences. "As for me, I live in a 'township' and I observe every day living conditions of people and their suffering, said the artist of 31 years at the website" The Post ". As an artist, I can sit and drink coffee when the ANC leaders starve our people. We must make a bold statement. In addition, I drew most of my life penis ".  If the two artists more sensitive than the people had pinpointed the South African evil? Phallocracy Zulu will have reached the South African economy in the heart.

And if the unbridled sexuality of Zulu dated back to Shaka Zulu!

         The founder of the Zulu kingdom (the descendants of Heaven), Chaka kaSenzangakha whose name is written Chaka Zulu language was born of an illegitimate union between Nandi, a Langeni princess and leader of a clan Nguni, Senza Ngakona in 1787. His mother Nandi, in poor relations with her husband, was repudiated. This repudiation is the cause of war between the Abasema Langeni, his people, and zulou tribe, she had to flee in Qwabe, she would have married one of the princes.
         Bastard, Shaka is rejected, mistreated by his comrades and especially humiliated by his biological father.
          He was stubborn and cultivate a thirst for revenge. His mother embittered herself becomes a cantankerous and authoritarian woman. As a teenager, he gets enlist in the army Dingiswayo, the ruler of Bathwetwa. Gifted with physical strength and endurance prodigious, he excels in combat.

The accession to the supreme power!

         His reputation spread. He quickly became the spokesman and right arm of Dingiswayo. The latter relies for him to be his successor. He applies his revolutionary ideas for develop a powerful army. At the death of Dingiswayo Senzangankhona in 1816, he executed his half-brother and heir, Sigujana. He himself appointed chief and chose the location of his kraal, named Bulawayo (where we kill). He extends his authority over all of the current Nguni of KwaZulu Natal. He changes the name of  Kingdom which he called his Zulu "the people from heaven." He is charismatic and proves to be a strategist. He recruited all the young combat capable and organizes them into age groups, subjected to intensive training. At its peak, his army will have over 100,000 men, which must be added about 500 000 men from neighboring tribes. As twith "Umkonto we Sizwe (The Nation launches)" of the African National Congress (A.N.C.), his army becomes the pivot of the conquest of power.
         Even women are organized into "female body" and subject to exercices and chores of the army. He eliminates the traditional initiation, which is replaced by trials competition: the winners initiated of  the fight and combat are offered the most beautiful marriageable girls. He multiplies the exercise and increases the share of meat-eating of his troops.
         He prohibits sexual relations and regulates marriages. It is systematic eugenics practice: the old men of the conquered peoples are removed, women and youth incorporated. Their marriage is allowed at the age of 30 and 40 years as a reward for bravery.
         Girls are trained to logistics and stewardship in special kraals (izigodlo). Sex outside marriage is punishable by death for soldiers. Sorcerers and soothsayers are responsible for protecting the warriors and determine the times and the most prone to attack days.
         Shaka who worships his mother, never married. He conquered almost all the territories between the Limpopo and Zambezi River. Megalomaniac despot, he established a cult of personality. Hodgepodge of slogans and laudatory songs to his glory punctuate each of his appearances. His title of "Bayete" means one who stands between God and men. He named his capital "emGungundlovu", like the elephant. His cruelty is expressed in the names of his residences: Bulawayo (where one kills) Gibixhegu (spread old).

Swallows and last spring Zulu.

         On the death of his mother Nandi in 1827, his cruelty is legendary: he ordered that all pregnant women and their husbands are murdered, that all calves and pregnant cows are killed to share his sentence. More than 7,000 Zulu are thus killed.
         He was assassinated at Stranger in Natal by September 22, 1828 by his half-brother Dingane with the complicity of Mhlangana and MBopha. Before dying, he predicted that his murderers would not enjoy long their victory because Whites were on their way to enslave them in these terms: "You think you will reign over the empire zulu after my death, but n 'will not. It will be the swallows that reign there." In 1813, when Cetshwayo succeeded his father Mpande, he reorganized his army in "ungodly" to the model of his great-uncle and replaces Shaka spears by Muskets. He banished the Christian missionaries in his kingdom. He concluded an alliance with the British in Natal established to counter the advance of the Boers.
         In 1877, when his power appears as a threat to the British Confederation of South Africa, the British break the alliance and decided to annex Zululand. On January 11, 1879, the British invaded Zululand with an army of 18,000 men. Cetshwayo lines up in front of them, an army of 20,000 to 25,000 less well-armed men.
         On January 22, 1879, the Zulu fighters put British troops routed at Isandlwana, they are crushed in Ulundi on July 4 of that year. Cetshwayo is captured alive, imprisoned then exiled to the Cape. His kingdom was broken up into 13 chiefdoms subject to the British crown. In 1883 Cetshwayo no real power is reinstalled as king of Zululand. But he is forced to flee in Eshowe by Zibhebhu, one of thirteen kinglets, supported by Boer mercenaries. He died poisoned in Eshowe on February 8, 1884.
         His son Dinizulu, 15 years old, succeeded him as head of Zululand, completely weakened and submitted to British rule on May 20, 1884. The empire of Chaka the "Zulu" lived !

From Chaka Zulu ka Senzangakhona to Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma.

         With the principle of Lord Lugard of "Indirect rule", British colonists were interested only in the political organization of the colony, but not the reorganization of morals or customs. Thus witchcraft is being "reimbursed by Medicare" in South Africa. Young women nubile are reserved for the chief, that is to say, the best among all:  Jacob Zuma. Unofficially institutionalized machismo. So to access the same power in national companies, one is offended that a woman should even deserving pass through the bed of the president.
         Shaka has been an important symbol in the ideological struggle between Blacks and Whites in South Africa. The Whites have much demonized, presenting him as a barbaric tyrant. For Zulu, he is a complex character, semi-legendary, fabulous warrior which the nation's pride can be traced. His Memoral throne at the place of his death in KwaDukuzu. It is the most revered figure in the kingdom of KwaZulu Natal at the head of which is Goodwill Zwelithini KaBehekuzulu (born 1948).
         Durban's airport bears his name: King Shaka. Since the election of his struggler Jacob Zuma as President of South Africa, his xenophobic statements raise the Zulu and other black people of South Africa against all African foreign residents in the country.
            But in the economic field, the Zululand King nevertheless recognizes that the situation in South Africa during the apartheid period was better than today!

jeudi 5 novembre 2015

Burundi: Poor Peter, You should not make cry Maggy!

"Politics is the set of processes by which men without foresight lead men without memory," wrote Academician Jean Mistler (1897-1988).

I like Burundi, it is also my country!

I live in Switzerland for 30 years. I am Congolese by birth, Rwandan and Ugandan of origin and culture. My great-grandfather, dignitary of Mwami Yuhi Musinga V (1883-1944), was governor of Bufumbira in Uganda which included current Jomba, the area where the helds of my gandfather  were grazing, when a border terminal (1921) made it the Congo Belgian. He had to choose to live in the region of Jomba then Belgian Congo, where fate made me born in 1953.
These are two Europeans civil  servants (one English and one Belgian) of the Orts-Milner convetion of 1921 under the influence of alcohol, using volcanoes to delineate their colonies, and have shared my identity! My family was thus separated into different nationalities. But it was only a "European" border,  because we were united by the heart and the same culture, the same language and the same customs.
Today these former settlers continue surreptitiously to impose their political definitions (Democracy, Religion, History ...) and even their social deviations (Soon gay marriage!) to globalize us! And this goes to the rhythm of cellphone and internet.
But, when our societies are crumbling, many take the opportunity to laugh at us, calling us wilds. They  present Africa as a patchwork of tribes, naturally hostile to each other. This business of "sauvagisation" was developed to legitimize what the Colon called the "civilizing mission". Also, some people encourage excesses of our leaders in the name of sacrosanct democracy.
         This is what is happening in Burundi, where a false-true peace was signed in  August 2000 by sharing power along ethnic lines. Proponents of Hutuland and Tutsiland thesis (Rwanda and Burundi), the French and the Belgians had managed to consolidate their Manichean criterion of "divide ut imperat" which allowed them to colonize the Great Lakes region without having neither competence nor the means.
And when this artificial division results in the greatest genocide of the twentieth century in Rwanda in 1994, they are the first to run away and come back later with words and an apology to clear the "most unspeakable denial of humanity", the culmination of their colonial policy.
That is why the story I tell today comes straight from the heart, and should reflect these foreigners, especially Westerners that continue to divide us by treating us Ugandans, Congolese, Rwandans and Burundians according to their own standards: hypocrites and liars Tutsi and Hutus, good and obedient..., as in the days of the colony, etc ... (see Pierre Péant, Black furies, white liars: Rwanda 1990-1994, Fayard, Paris, 2014).
A second genocide began in Burundi !

         By observing the regime of Pierre Nkurunziza (The announcer of the good news!) from the beginning and activities of Maggy Barankitse, I told myself that the day the first will force the latter to left Burundi, the Burundi genocide was inevitable. Because both were the two opposite sides of  Burundi!
Contrary to what happened in Rwanda in 1994, U.N. peacekeepers are near Bujunbura. They are, in the nearly Congo, simply, an emergency meeting of the Security Council and a call from Mr. Ban Ki Moon that they cross the border at Gatumba to observe without ... involving the river of blood that will spring from the source of the Nile!
How many Burundians killed by the police and by "Imbonerakure", these militias C.N.D.D.-F.D.D., of the service of Pierre Nkurunziza, it will take for the Security Council to meet: 300, 3,000 or 30,000?
By the way, how many Tutsi corpses, the Interahamwe (M.R.N.D. militias) of Rwanda trained and equiped by the French army had they done before sending U.N.A.M.I.R. in Rwanda? And what has been  prevented by the U.N.A.M.I.R.?
         I again and still see a Belgian peacekeeper tore his blue cap with the bayonet for not having been able to save his ten companions tortured and killed right in Kigali!
Who send guns  and machetes to the Imbonerakure ? Resulting in the thickets of the Congo? Who dresses and team them? (Follow my eyes).
France wants it to avenge his defeat vis-à-vis of the R.P.F. of  Paul Kagame that they have not digested and that sounds like the opprobrium of their policy in the Great Lakes region? The French army would dare she repeat the macabre feat Operation Turquoise before the whole world?
Otherwise why the French Socialist Party to power in France prevents the trial of "Rwandan genocide" installed on its territory? Why does France did not wants to normalize relations with the power of Kigali, while the Survival Association has officially denounced the complicity of the french government of the day with the genocidal government of Rwanda in 1994.
         A complaint against X was considered by the High Court for "complicity of France in the Rwandan genocide involving officials ". This complaint is of French political and military officials stationed in the early 90s to the assistance that was provided to the government of Jean Kambanda (in prison now in Mali), who prepared and perpetrated the genocide of Rwandan Tutsis in 1994 designated as such under the military assistance, arms and ammunition before, during and after the genocide. The government of Edouard Balladur (1993-1995) kept refueled with genocidal weapons and ammunition until June 1994, despite the embargo imposed by the United Nations!

Dear Maggie, your cry and your mother courage tears will be heard.

In 1974, when I was at the University of Lubumbashi, I frequented a tavern with my friends at night to drink beer. My friends Rwandan and Congolese tried in vain to invite our comrades Brundian at our table. When we asked them why they did not want to drink with us, they simply told us in Kirundi "Murasakuza" which means: "You Banyarwanda and Congoleses, you talk too much when you drink while we Burundians, we just drink and not talk. " In fact, I realized that the Burundians do not know how to express their feelings, often the most painful!
And among my colleagues from Burundi, Libère B. became pale when he met our colleague Françoise G., from Rwanda, fled to Bujumbura. I finally asked him why he had such attitude to this girl. In response, he invited me to his dorm room at the Campus and showed me his back scarred by many and huge scars.
It was Francoise and another colleague in his class who had slashed with machetes distributed to schools so that the Hutu and Tutsi youth are killing each other according to "Secrets" instructions given by the army of President Michel Micombero (1940-1983). That was in May-June 1972, that is to say, 22 years to the day before the genocide in Rwanda. 100.000-200.000 Burundians were killed in four months because they were Hutu labeled by the Belgian colonization.
The complicit silence from good education of Burundian called "Ikinyabupfura", hatred and resentment now locked in a veritable wall of silence! Can we really confine the collective memory in a coffin and buried with the dead? What then serve history if not to dig up what used to heal wounds and reconcile the people?
Pressurized, Françoise told me the truth. Libère had been left for dead in a pit and ended up in Bukavu after being treated for his injuries. And then at the University of Lubumbashi thanks to a scholarship of the High Commissioner for Refugees!

How to close the deep scars and trauma nightmarish of my colleague Libère B.?

In seeking to reconcile my two colleagues historians Françoise G. and Libère B., I ran to the wall of silence that had turned into a taboo! I understood then that such an accomplice and shared silence that characterizes most Burundians, is more deadly than the chatter of Congolese and Rwandophones. I realized then that local politicians had managed to turn into potential genocidal future, young Burundians. I started crying and praying, thanking God for letting me be born in Congo, where fighting and other conflicts were between populations without degenerating in genocides! Twenty-two years later, I was caught up by the horror that came from Rwanda. But this is another chapter of the same story!
True peace in the Great Lakes peoples must emerge reconciliation of populations that have killing  and not between politicians who negotiate around statistics and population figures, positions of power and other goals.
How many Tutsis or Hutus must be counted in the Hutuland and or the Tutsiland? Who should direct the Hutuland? Who can or should govern Tutsiland? Especially in Burundi, more than elsewhere there is Hutsilandais, more of that pure Tutsi or Hutu pure!
I do not see also in what category the Bahima were placed, the Banyaruguru, the Baganwa (clan of Bami) and Batwa (the first people of Burundi) in "The Arusha Accord for Peace and Reconciliation in Burundi "of August 28, 2000!
The Arusha accord begins in such terms: Determined to put aside our disputes in our events ... instead of Ending definitely our differences!
You, Maggy, you have exceeded the differences of Burundians by creating "Oasis of Peace, La Casa de la Pace and The House Shalom". You were right too soon, because you exceeded Burundian and African Politicians who referring again and again to "simple disputes in Burundi events." The heart have reasons, that reason does not know!

Dry your tears, my dear sister, Maggy, and cry your pain to the whole world!

My admiration for you, Maggy is that you say aloud what many of your countrymen, even those who have the means will never say (even if their life depends on it) think in silence!
Your message to "Radio Canada" moved me and will affect all those who like me never want to hear the word "genocide" in the region of the African Great Lakes.
Each of us will use the means available to relay your suffering and that of Burundians, who tremble every night in the Bujumbura neighborhoods. Even if the power in Burundi liquid throughout the local press, hunting the local representatives of the international media and associations of human rights, there and there will be Facebook, Twitter, bloggers, the cyberpresse, cellphone to convey images and messages! Holocaust denial and lies of spokesman of the burundian governments, death squads, extortion of militia will now be denounced by Mr. and Mrs. everybody!
In the age of the information superhighway, we must not leave a bloody power massacre his people, only to retain power. Damn the rigged elections and democracy of machete! Damn the foreign states supporting such power that they do not agree with them!

Excuse me ! I forgot to introduce Maggy Barankitse for whom I write this article.

Born in 1957 in Nyamutobo, 3 km from Ruyigi. After graduation, she began a career as a teacher. In 1972, during the massacres of Hutus, she is tied up by a horde of Tutsis and forced to witness the killing of children.
On October 24, 1993, after the assassination of President Melchior Ndadaye (1953-1993) and the slaughter of ensuing over 50,000 Burundian, she works as a secretary in the home of the bishop of Ruyigi, Joseph Nduhirubusa. Already adoptive mother of seven orphans (4 Hutus and Tutsis 3), she managed to save 25 orphans.
Since then, she has managed to create three centers that receive traumatized and mutilated orphans: Oasis of Peace, La Casa de la Pace and The House Shalom (which is also the name of his organization). Her organization eventually accommodate over ten years, more than 10,000 orphans and abandoned children.
Of 216 infants from the center, more than half are HIV positive. In Burundi, the people first take for a folle. For Tutsi, she was a traitor and for Hutu, the Tutsi was a spy! "Maison Shalom" is at the heart of humanitarian action in Burundi torn by a long and painful civil war.
Its center includes dozens of houses where live adolescents, children, infants, irrespective of ethnicity or religion, with the help of social workers, psychologists and nurses. Now it helps more that 26.000 needy persons.

Hatred will not have the last word!

In December 1998, she received from the hands of French Prime Minister Lionel Jospin (1997-2002), the Award of Human Rights awarded by the French government as part of the 50th anniversary ceremonies of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights together the Dalai Lama.
On November 24, 2001, she received the North-South Prize (Lisbon) of the Council of Europe together with the former President of Portugal, Mario Soares (1986-1996). She won the Prize "Franklin D. Roosevelt Freedom from Want Award" by the Netherlands.
         On March 18, 2003, she received the Award for the defense of displaced persons, awarded by CEAR (Spain). On April 27, 2003, she received the "Award of the World Children" award by an international jury of 288,000 children from 26 countries in the presence of the Queen of Sweden and the grand-son of Nelson Mandela.
On February 2, 2004, she is made "Doctor Honoris Causa" from the University of Louvain, in Belgium. In 2004 she received the award of "Voices of Courage" sponsored by the Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children. She also received the Trophy of Courage monthly "International Africa", the Prize of the city of Shalom Eistät and Solidarity Award from the city of Bremen in Germany.
In March 2005, she was made honorary citizen of the town of Perwez in Belgium. In April 2005, she received the Nansen Award, named after Fridtjof Nansen (1861-1930), Norwegian explorer and first High Commissioner for Refugees (U.N.H.C.R.), created in 1954. The same year, she received the 2004 Award for "Courage Voice" sponsored by the Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children and the "Franklin D. Roosevelt Freedom from Want Award" awarded by the Netherlands. In 2011, she received the Foundation Award for Conflict Prevention by the former French President Jacques Chirac (1995-2007).
On September 29, 2011, she received a doctorate honoris causa from the University of Lille in France. On November 24, 2011, she received the Prize of Jacques Chirac Foundation, by the hands of Kofi Annan, former UN secretary-general (1997-2006). In March 2013, she was elected African of the Year by the African young surfers during International Day of Women's Rights.
She is now a refugee in Quebec. She denounces the genocide in Burundi, where President Pierre Nkurunziza has granted a third term in violation of the agreements signed in 2000.
-Martin Christel, Nobécourt Lorette, La haine n'aura pas le dernier mot. Maggy, la femme aux dix mille enfants (Hatred will not have the last word. Maggy, the woman to the ten thousand children), Albin Michel, Paris, 2005.
-Crochet Marcel, Témoignages Honoris Causa (Evidence from Honoris Causa), Academia / L'Harmattan, Paris, 2013.

mardi 20 octobre 2015

Zambia: Help yourself and heaven will help you!

Beggars and proud!

         This is the title of the novel by Egyptian Albert Cossery (1913-2008) nicknamed the "Voltaire of the Nile" whose weft takes place in Caïre. Himself was quite a lazy, because speaking of him, he said: "Walk, walk, it's a chance to look in life. If I had an apartment and I had to think of the sheets, I'd be dead. "
         He has gone through life with irony to 92 years in his hotel room in Saint-Germain-des-Pres in Paris. Without knowing it, the indolence of his character concern not only Cairenes, but other peoples as poor Zambians. But he was a novelist, not a president of the Republic as Mr. Edgar Lungu Chagwa!

A country that has enormous resources, ... populous by  poors!

         Zambians are friendly and welconing, they have a country bursting with wealth in its subsoil (Copper, Cobalt, Manganese, Gold, Diamonds, etc ...), a tropical climate that allows all cultures ... but they have a sacred default or rather two: they are drunkards and idlers. And it's not that I thinks and says, because my education forbids me! This is the founding president Kenneth Kaunda of this country, still alive who once said. It was in the eighties. He then threatened to resign because he said he was tired of leading a nation of "idlers and drunkards." His speech shocked me because I found that after two decades at the helm of the country, he should teach his countrymen to work, instead of complaining about their legendary laziness! What have they done for the advice given by Jean De La Fontaine (1621-1695) in his fable “The laborer and his children?” I resumed full.

"The plougman and his children" (Jean De La Fontaine)

Work, take the sentence: This is the fund that lack the least.
Rich Ploughman, feeling his death
Brought his children, spoke to them without witnesses.
Beware, he told them not to sell the inheritance
We have left our parents. A Treasure Within.
I do not know the place; but a little courage
You will find: you will come to end.
Stir your field once you have been August.
Dig, search, Dig, leave no place
Where the hand comes and goes.
Dead Father, son returning the field
Below, above, everywhere; so that at the end of the year He brought more.
 No silver point hiding. But Father was wise
To show them before he died.
That work is a treasure.

When a people of drunkards and idlers returns to God!

         On Sunday, October 18, 2015, was declared national day of prayer and fasting in Zambia, where 85% of the population is Christian. The bars also remained closed until 18 hours as ordered by the president. In solidarity, the Zambian Football Association also postponed all scheduled matches Sunday. Former President David Kenneth Kaunda (91 years) has made her appeal to God to guide the current president. "Our God has heard our cries. He forgave us our sins and we're sure it will heal our country that faces serious socio-economic problems", said Edgar Lungu in Lusaka before some 5,000 Christians.
         Faced with the economic crisis that is hitting Zambia, the new president relied on God to "cure" the economy, saying "You all know that God is love and I call everyone to of you to do your best and leave the rest in the hands of God "
"God continues to help us find solutions to the problem that this young president might encounter in the future,"
         During the religious ceremony, Pastor Peter Ndlovu of the Evangelical Church of the biblical word (Bigoca) after imposing his hands on the head of Edgar Lungu (b 1956) believed that God could solve the economic crisis in Zambia. "To those who ask whether prayer can put the economy back on track, I answer yes". Because the Bible said that gold and silver belong to God ", he said.

The economic problems of Zambia have long been known: a currency disowned by a monkey!

         In October 2008, the predecessor of current Zambian President Rupiah Banda  (November 2, 2008 to 2011) who complained that the Zambian currency, the kwacha, was devalued again that this fall was that "growth prospects have declined so the expected gross domestic product was now revised down to around 4% or below". During this press conference, a monkey that had taken up residence in a tree overlooking his presidential office had urinated on him (in protest !!).           
Surprised and angry, Rupiah Banda publicly exclaimed: "Damn primate, you have urinated on my jacket. I'll give you for diner to Michael Sata! ". In 2011, Michael Chilufya Sata (1937-2014) after beating him in the presidential election was severely pay his remarks dragging him to court for embezzlement of public funds before unfortunately died without having rectified the catastrophic Zambian economy!

The real crisis in Zambia is basically "Policy".

          After trying to humiliate the interim president of Zambia, Sott Guy Lyndsay, the only Zambian of Scottish origin who had risen to the post, Edgar Lungu is now invoking God to straighten the Kwanza, which lost 45% of its value against the dollar since the beginning of 2015. Accustomed to successive periodic devaluations of their currencies since the time of Kenneth Kaunda (1964-1991)  Zambians transformed the Kwacha copper coins in jewelry for their wives! This copper which has always accounted for 70% of their exports. When the Anglo-Swiss Xstrata-Glencore company operating it decides to eliminate 3,800 jobs because of the decline in copper prices, Zambian economy plunges into the abyss. Add to this, the drought disrupts hydroelectric generation in the country and the devaluation of the yuan, the Chinese currency, which have invested heavily in Zambian agriculture ... There is not more than divine providence to boost economy and stop the fall of the Kwacha!

Flies to the rescue of your country Ms. Dambisa Moyo !!

         After invoking divine providence, Edgar Lungu hoped that "those who have brilliant ideas to present"
to the government.
         I understand that the best World economic analyst called Dambisa Moyo was born in 1969 in Lusaka, Zambia. To attention of Mr. Lungu, may I present here her candidacy for the post of Minister of Economic Planning. If she wants to help his hometown course countries not to fall from bad to worse!
         Dambisa Moyo was born on February 2, 1969 in Lusaka, Zambia. After high school in Zambia, she obtained a Master in Finance and a BA in Chemistry at the University of Washington. She obtained a master's degree at Harvard University in the U.S.A. and a PhD in Economics at Oxford University in Britain. From 1993-1995, she worked as a consultant to the World Bank. From 2001 to 2003, she worked as a consultant for Goldman Sachs Bank from 2001 to 2008, where she held the position of head of economic research and strategy for sub-Saharan Africa. In 2009, she published a book translated into nine languages ​​which questions the relevance of ease development. In 2010, she became one of the 100 most influential thinkers, for "TIME Magazine". She is a member of the Centre for International Business and Management (CIBAM) of the University of Cambridge, and the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House). In 2013, she received the "Lifetime Achievement Hayek Award."
She has published include:
-Dead Aid: Why Aid is Not Working and How There is a Better Way For Africa
, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, 2009.
-How The West Was Lost: Fifty Years of Economic Folly and the Stark Choices Ahead, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, 2011.
-Winner Take All: China's Race For Resources and What It Means For Us
, Kindle Edition, U.K., 2012.

jeudi 3 septembre 2015

Ireland: Derry or Londonderry? That is my question?


The Northern Ireland or Ulster.

Derry or Londonderry? For centuries, the name of the second largest city in Northern Ireland is a sensitive issue between the two communities. All Irish  Catholics use Derry, its original name. Some Protestants prefer instead the official name Londonderry. Republican majority, City Council recently voted to abandon the prefix Royal "London".
 County Londonderry or Derry is one of the six counties of Ulster province located in Northern Ireland. It is named after its main city (Derry or Londonderry as it is in the Republic of Ireland or Northern Ireland and also including the town of Coleraine.
         Londonderry is bordered by the counties of Antrim, Tyrone and Donegal. Its area is 2074 km2 and a population of 247,132 inhabitants in 2011. The City Council of Derry and Strabane District Council is led since May 1, 2015 by Ms. Elisha McCallion (b.1982), member of Sinn Fein. Derry is world famous because of the bloody episode known as the "Bloody Sunday" or "Bogside Massacre" on January 30, 1972, when the brutal repression of the French air force on unarmed protesters has killed 27 people.
         Northern Ireland or Ulster is one of the four constituent nations of the United Kingdom (with England, Scotland and Wales). It covers 14 139 km2, which is the sixth of the homonymous island. It is populated by 1,810,863 inhabitants in 2011.
         The Irish government is led locally by Enda Kenny (1951), assisted by the Deputy Prime Minister Joan Burton (1949) since July 4, 2014.
         The April 1998 peace accords ended essentially to thirty years of violence between Republicans favor union with the Catholic Ireland and Protestant Unionists, Northern Ireland the maintenance of supporters in the British fold. But tensions remain and splinter groups of the Irish Republican Army opposed to the peace process have not renounced armed struggle.

     "The Dream of Celt" Catholic and Protestant "with the clear soul! ".

Congolese of Democratic  Republic of Congo  and Indians of Putumayo on horseback between Preu and Colombia keep intact the memory of Roger David Casement, separatist, diplomat (1864-1926) who fought the second Belgian King Leopold II, owner of the Independent State Congo (1885-1919) for the survival of Congolese!           

The Leopold II Holocaust killed over ten millions men from Congo! In other times and in other places, he was awarded the most prestigious award for the defense of human rights or the Nobel Peace Prize. Much more than a simple order of chivalry and knighthood in 1914 that did not prevent his conviction for high treason and followed his hanging at Pentonville Prison in Bamsbury (a suburb of London) for high treason on August 3, 1916 was a disgrace. His rehabilitation by the Irish Government and the honors that were rendered for him by more than 30,000 people in Dublin in March 1965 were well deserved. Joseph Conrad (born Josef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski : 1857-1924) said of this son of Protestant father and Catholic mother “had a clear personality. There was in him a trait conquistador (...). I have always believed that part of the soul of Las Casas (1484-1566) had taken refuge in his tireless body. "

His biography inspired the novel of the Peruvian literary Nobel Prize Jorge Mario Pedro Vargas Llosa: "The 'Dream of the Celt."

Irish admirable so distant and so close to Africans!

How said the Irish-American actor Pierce Brosnan (born in 1953 in Navan in County Meath (Ireland) when he returns back to his country of origin: Derry or Londonderry?
         And the late actor Peter O'toole (1932-2013), born in Connemara in the west of the emerald island, famous for interpreting the character of Lawrence of Arabia, he said Londonderry or simply Derry?
       And the charming Mary Therese Winifred Robinson born in Burke (1944), the first woman President of Ireland (1990-1997), High Commissioner for Human Rights from 1997 to 2002, representing the U.N. in the Great Lakes region, she goes to Derry or Londonderry?
         Long before her, another brilliant intellectual, historian, writer and professor (of Irish origin) in University had distinguished in U.N. diplomacy: Conor Cruise O'Brien, born in 1917 in Howth, near Dublin and died in Dublin at 91 years in 2008 which distinguished at the first U.N. intervention in the Congo in 1961. His work was described in his two works: To Katanga and Back: A case of the United Nations History, Faber & Faber, London, 2015 and Murderous Angels: A political tragedy and conedy in black and white, Hutchinson, 1969, a play on death in 1961 of the United Nations Secretary General Dag Hammarskjöld (1905-1961) and Patrice Lumumba (1925-1961). Appointed vice president of the University of Ghana (1962-1965), he had problems with Francis Kwame Nkrumah (1909-1972). After his diplomatic career, he became respectively deputy of Labor Party (1969), senator, literary critic, proconsul, Minister of Posts and Telecommunications, columnist, editor, until his death in 2008. Did he prefer Derry or Londonderry?
         The Republic of Ireland (or Eire) since April 16, 1949, is a country in Western Europe that claims its Celtic identity of the island of Ireland is sharing with Northern Ireland, part of the United Kingdom. On leaving the United Kingdom on January 21, 1919, it carried the name the Republic and proclaimed the Irish Free State between 1922 and 1935. It occupies an area of 69,797 km2 for a total population of 4,604,o29 inhabitants in 2014. It is a member of the European Union since January 1, 1973 and of the Euro Zone since January 1,  1999. Its capital is Dublin.
         It  is chaired by the poet Michael David Higgis (b. 1941), who succeeded Mary McAleese (elected in 1997 and re-elected in 2004).
Bibliography :
-O’Brien Cruise Conor,
Murderous Angels: A political tragedy and conedy in black and white, Hutchinson, 1969.
-O’Brien Cruise Conor,
To Katanga and Back: A case of the United Nations History, Faber & Faber, London, 2015.
-Vargas Llosa Jorge Mario Pedro , The 'Dream of the Celt, novel, Faber & Faber, London, 2012.