mardi 26 janvier 2016

Rwanda: Recruiting Jihadists by a Rwandan Imam!

Arabic slavery, a perennial nightmare in my memory!

          I'll never forget her, that old lady in my village named Nyirabuhoro who loved me very much and as she could not pronounce my first name of John, had nicknamed me "Ruhana."
         In the middle of his head, it was a hole that had pierced his skull bone. It was an Arab slave (Mungwana) who traveled in the region to capture the young slaves. Her mother had her buried under a thick turf before being captured, chained with other slaves and brought with them. 
Seeing the little freshly turned sod and feeling a human presence, he pressed the sharp tip of the spear, saying aloud to his accomplice: They are hidden everywhere in the ground even here I'm sure. Indeed he came to pierce the skull of a little girl who was none other than Nyirabuhoro. She was then eight years old! To cover any cries of pain of her daughter, her mother came out of the bush where she was hidden, shouting very loud "Please do not kill me, I go" !!

The last sound Nyirabuhoro heard was the heavy chain that went around the neck of her mother! She dared not move following the latest tips from her dear motherThe Wangwana were happy with their decision because she was beautiful and graceful as they loved: at twenty-five, she was worth a bunch of Shillings to slave market in Zanzibar!
Her family had no more news of her! Nyirabuhoro who died very old, a long time ago, had kept an indelible mark on her preventing her from sun exposure throughout her life for fear of her brain boil like butter. She grumbled all the time "Beware of nasty Wangwana (Arabized)." Yet they had black skin like her, but they spoke Swahili and Arabic!

Help Kigeri IV Rwabugiri: They want to sell your offspring to the Arabs!

         Yesterday, I was struck by an article in some African newspapers ". A Rwandan imam suspected of involvement in recruiting young to fight in Syria in the ranks of jihadist group Islamic State (E.I.) was shot Saturday by Rwandan police. " Mugemangango Muhammad was shot January on 23, 2016 by the Rwandan police while accompaning him for the search of his home when, according to the police version, he would have tried to escape.
 "He jumped out of the vehicle, immediately wiping shots," said the latter.
         The Rwandans manned the mosque at Kimiromko district of Kigali, as deputy imam. He was accused of "direct young people to jihad and to recruit them to join the Islamic state in Syria," the statement said. "This is the first case" of alleged recruiting jihadists to Syria in Rwanda, acknowledged Monday the police spokesman, Celestin Twahirwa. 
Rwandan police claims to have detected the formation of terrorist networks in Rwanda thanks to information provided by the population, indicating that the investigation was continuing.
         However, services have not yet been informed "of confirmed cases of Rwandans who surrendered" in Syria reported the spokesman. What struck me in this article is subtitled "A new problem." Which is not unlikely, that the Rwandan youth globalized and connected can be corrupted and feel obliged to override their own history to make like everyone else! They ignore the why and how the Rwandans and Burundans have escaped the Arab and European Slavery thanks to the foresight of the Mwami Kigeli Rwabugiri Sezisoni IV (1855-1895).
         It was he who ruled that as long as he would rule Rwanda, any of his subjects (Tutsi, Hutu or Twa) would never be sold into slavery abroad (against anything!). Since then, all the African regions (East, Central, West) were destabilized by the shameful trade of  Human being with the complicity of local leaders and kinglets. A human bleeding of Africa whose consequences are still today in the World.

Muhammad Mugemangango, reincarnation of Hassan Rumaliza!

         If he had accepted the ignoble proposal of Rumaliza, whose real name is Mohammed bin Hassan Rumaliza Mohammed Khalfan Ben (1850-1913), it ashes of young Rwandans against the junk that time (Bauble, Guns Sirex and other oriental fabrics ..), the Rwandan and Burundian blood would flow in American veins and other peoples of the world in search of their roots.
         Thus, no descendant of Black slaves in the world can claim to have his ancestral roots in Rwanda or Burundi. This is not the case of the D.R.C., Kenya or Tanzania.
         And to think that Burundi had the nerve to give the name of the Rumaliza, theAsian and Arabic shopping street of Bujumbura so I guess it's a bad joke of Burundians.
         Burundians historians hardly seem not pressing to correct the anomalies of urban Toponymy, when they know very well that his defeat by the troops of Mwami Mwezi Gisabo Bikata-Bijoga IV (1840-1908) has preserved them from slavery!
         Dare they do not re-name this street Mwezi Gisabo to please the Arab traders in Bujumbura? This should be required to be registered in the Rwandan and Burundian history textbooks for young Rwandan and Burundian be proud of and never forget it!

Who was the Mwami Kigeri IV Rwabugiri Sezisoni?

         Born around 1855 in Rwanda. In 1867, he succeeded his father, Mutara II Rwogera (1802-1853) died quite young of tuberculosis. Almost simultaneously the queen mother of Rwogera, Nyiramongi is murdered by his own brother and chief lineage Rwakagara. Against the advice of his biological father Nkoronko, big ritualistic prefer his brother Nyamwesa. Very young when he ascended to the throne, his regency is assured by his uncle Nkoronko (or his biological father?). And the new Queen Mother Murorunkwere (ex-wife Nkoronko). His reign actually began in 1875. A year later, Murorunkwere, the queen mother suspected of being pregnant with her lover Seruteganya (a crime against royalty) is performed by Nkoronko and Rwampembwe, chief of the Royal Armed order of the Mwami. This murder puts in turmoil the entire kingdom.
         Seruteganya, appointed Cyingogo introduced between 1867 and 1876 in Rwanda bondage system known as the "Uburetwa (Serfdom)".   Conquering sovereign, Rwabugiri organizes sixteen military expeditions between 1860 and 1865. He tried in vain to conquer neighboring kingdoms of Karagwe, Nkore and Burundi. He subdivides his kingdom into 21 administrative entities with 21 royal residences.
         He managed to invade the neighboring kingdom of Bushi, the Idjwi Island in Lake Kivu and Buhunde, but his shipments in Bushi are deadly for his troops and his generals.
         His military expeditions to Burundi and to Idjwi Island (Lake Kivu) have been dated precisely with appearances of comets of Koggia II (1873) and of Koggia III (1874). He was responsible for organizing the Gisaka and pacification of the Western Rwanda to Lake Kivu. Contacted by Arab slave Rumaliza installed in Ujiji, he rejects his offer to sell him into slavery, some rwandans and defeated his hoards of Arabized yet armed with rifles, in Kinyaga in 1887 and then to the shores of Lake Kivu in December 1891.
         On March 27, 1876, the Anglo-American explorer Henry Morton Stanley (1941-1904) who attempts to penetrate the Rwanda by Mubari is violently repelled by the royal troops.
         On February 26, 1876, during the partition of Africa by the General Act of the Berlin Conference which recognizes the Congo Free State and German East Africa up much of western Rwanda (Gisenyi, Ruhengeri, Kibuye, Cyangugu, Ruzizi) under the control of the Congo Free State (EIC). The Mwami Rwabugiri was not informed.
         It was under his reign that the first Europeans: Oscar Baumann (1864-1899) in September 1892 and the count Gustav Adolf von Götzen (1866-1910  in May-June 1894, discovered Rwanda. It was on the shores of Lake Rwicanzige (ex-Mobutu), during his military campaign Nkole, between 1892-1893 his first contacts with Europeans who impress with their use of the written message. 
He invited them to come to Rwanda to make fabrics. During the last years of his reign, the development of foreign trade in Rwanda introduced animal diseases (rinderpest, foot and mouth disease bovine, locust invasion), epidemics (djiques outbreak of the pox etc ...). On May 24, 1894, he received with mistrust Kageyo (Kingogo), the German lieutenant, Count Gustav Adolf Von Götzen (1984-1910) that describes in his book "Durch von Ost nach West Africa (Across Africa, from East to West)" as "the greatest man he had ever seen.". On June 16, 1894, he tried unsuccessfully to attack Gisenyi (Byahi). On December 22, 1894, against the advice of the body "Abiru" (holders of esoteric code that determines the royal succession), he refers to his adoptive son  Mibambwe Rutarindwa (then aged 24) as co-reigning and presumptive successor before dying on Lake Kivu (opposite Nyamirundi) in September 1895, while he was heading to his home in Nyamasheke. His long reign marked both by intense military activity, a sagacious political punctuated by innumerable intrigues of the Court, strict control of import-export trade (Ivory Leather, Fabrics, Livestock ...) shaped Rwanda kingdom as the Europeans discovered it. Then the kingdom of Rwanda covers the current Rwandan territory but also Kigezi district in Uganda and much of North Kivu. For some historians, he was an authoritarian character with a clear political vision and a military genius unparalleled. For others (Jan Vansina among others), he is a bloody dictator, impetuous, irascible and merciless. After the assassination at Rucuncu, of his adopted son Rutalindwa, the power returned to his very young cousin Yuhi Musinga V (1897-1944).