mercredi 16 mars 2016

Algeria: President Abdelaziz Bouteflika have active senile dementia!

Who really heads Algeria?

Where is Medjdoub? For a long time I do not see him! Why does not he visits me?

         When Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika has suddenly woken up very disturbed to ask the news of his former chief of the Republican Guard and the General Directorate of Security and the Presidential Protection (D.G.S.P.P.), Major General Djamel Kehal Medjidoub and his 
entourage were troubled! Staff at the Presidential Residence of Zeralda where multiple daily care provided to elderly and seriously ill president does not return. For ages, unique attractions of the country are now devoted to medical visits to Paris aboard medicalized aircraft.
         Indeed, it is himself the president who would have sacked him  in July 2015 for coup attempt orchestrated in July 2014. In addition to his dismissal, he was sentenced to three years in prison by military court of Constantine after a closed trial. Senile dementia of access as a result of his A.V.C.?

Djamel Kehal Medjoub, faithful and zealous servant of Abdelaziz Bouteflika.

         A native of El Milia (Eest the country), a family of guerrillas, Djamel Kehal Medjdoub committed young in the army, leaving his football uniform (former player at U.S.M.H.). And in the intelligence that made his classes.
         Man of delicate missions on land as explosives in Peshawar, Tehran, Lebanon, Damascus, Sanaa, Karachi, he has proved a "ruthless efficiency"
and has earned a reputation in the Department of intelligence and security.
         Pure product of two schools known for their "relentless military rigor"
but that everything separates, St. Cyr in France and the KGB in Moscow, he is the synthesis of two distinct cultures of Intelligence, the opposing military doctrines, as many military leaders of his generation. He had the rank of colonel when he was appointed head of the General Directorate of Security and the Presidential Protection in 2005.
         It's the manager of the Department of Intelligence and Security, Mohamed Lamine Mediène (born 1939) called J. Edgar Hoover Algerian, who was recalled to Paris, where he was posted back to Algiers and take care of the security of the President of the Republic.
         For ten years, he was the guardian angel which Bouteflika has vowed unwavering loyalty. But why then the head of state decided to separate from him? His family rejects the thesis of "negligence" of which he is guilty.
         This happened in Zeralda the eve of Eid would be a golden opportunity for his "adversaries"
to "liquidate him"? A decade at the head of a sensitive position where he "broke new ground" in terms of organization and operation of the service for efficiency, especially as the head of state was the target of an attack at Batna in 2005.
         The protector general would have created, in the exercise of his mission, "anger"
in the immediate entourage of the President. If there was a foolproof loyalty vis-à-vis the head of state, he was as much against the chief of the Department of Intelligence and Security (D.I.S.).
         Between the two men, "there is not an organic relationship but a strong friendship
," says a close associate of General Staff. Friendship Inconvenient? Especially in these times of political uncertainty, where the war of positions in the seraglio rages. A balance between the various influential groups.
         The head of the presidential security knew about the departure for some time already, so he wanted to continue. Some sources assure that between the General Staff and the younger brother of the President, Said Bouteflika (born 1958) "the tension was no longer a mystery." Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who had once said that he mastered the "art of the ambush,"
proved in any case his formidable efficiency.
         And Major General Djamel Kehal Medjdoub has learned its cost. He took for his rank after a decade of loyal service to the President that he was the perfect guardian angel, trust those who know him. A "homage"
very strange ... 40 years of loyalty!

Abdelaziz Bouteflika, a long reign!

"The important thing is not to come to power but also, how to leave.",
General Zeroual (born 1943), President of Algeria from 1995 to 1999). 

         In 2010,  I wrote an open letter to President of Senegal Abdoulaye Wade, born in 1926. Elected in 2000 under the slogan “Sopi (Change)”,
  I begged him to look after his  release in 2012 ! But from his high pedestal, he unfortunately does not listen to me! I was neither Senegalese, much less a friend of his and his courtiers. My free and selfless advice, he would probably avoided the unpleasantness of his chaotic output and better yet avoided jail for his only son Karim Melissa Wade (b. 1968)! ... If he had not enlisted in his government to the chagrin of his countrymen in providing food for his opponent from his fall!
          I admired the young minister, who was 25 years of Foreign Affairs of Houari Boumediene (1932-1978), named Abdelaziz Bouteflika. His audacity to invite the Palestinian Yasser Arafat (1929-2004) to the United Nations tribune, brandishing his AK47 in one hand and an olive branch in the other, has left an indelible mark in my memory.
         Boutef as was nicknamed since then was the youngest president of the Assembly of United Nations history.
All African youth began to wear his pants with flared, his shirts with wide neck and wide ties to imitate his style of dress! There are those who allowed themselves to grow long hair and a bushy mustache like him.
         He was the image of an Africa leading the march towards the revolution ... advocated by President Houari Boumediene. A bachelor like him who will marry the divorced lawyer Anisa al-Agnès Mansali (mid-European and Christian) to 41 years in 1943. The beautiful foreign minister, very attached to his mother and lover gallant outputs (as Valéry Giscard d'Estaing said) will not marry ever so sly or much later. The unexpected death of Boumediene on December 27, 1978, poisoned by the Iraqi Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (1937-2006), glared Algeria in particular and Africa in general.
         Bouteflika disappeared from the Algerian political scene and had a long desert crossing. In Geneva, where he stayed for years, it is difficult to find an address in his name or how and what he lived on because he was so quiet. Unlike his compatriot Hocine Aït Ahmed (1926-2015) who multiplied diplomas, travel, conferences and publications, Boutef prayed and neither spoke.

Who is really Abdelaziz Bouteflika?

         Born on March 3, 1937 in Oujda in Morocco of a father from El-Maleh (eg. Rio Salado) near Ain Temouchent and a mother from the Tlemcen region.
         He attended elementary school in Sidi Ziane school and secondary school in Abdel-Moumen in his hometown. At 18, he received his French baccalaureate along with its Arabic patent. Young political activist, he hosted high school cell of Istiqlal (Independence Party) of the Moroccan Mohamed Allal el-Fassi (1910-1974).
         On June 19, 1956, he joined the underground National Liberation Front (F.L.N.) and was enrolled under the war name of Si Abdelkader Mali, in the Wilaya V based in Oujda and directed by Mohamed Ben Brahim Boukharouba, the future president Houari Boumediene (1932-1978).

Such a policy meteorite

         When Algeria became independent in 1962, he was elected deputy of Tlemcen in the Constituent Assembly before being appointed Minister of Youth, Sports and Tourism. In 1963, when the Minister of Foreign Affairs Mohamed Khémisti (1930-1963) was assassinated by a madman (disguised political assassination?), he succeeded him as head of Algerian diplomacy. He was only 25 years old and was the youngest foreign minister for Africa in full decolonization. He became the darling of the African international politics.
         Very closed to Houari Boumediene then Minister of National Defence  overshadows the president Ahmed Ben Bella (1916-2012) who was dismisses him on June 18 1965. After the overthrow of the latter by Colonel Houari Boumediene, he is reinstated in his functions.
         In 1974, he was unanimously elected president of the General Assembly of the United Nations. On November 12, 1974, under his chairmanship that this assembly excludes South Africa "Racist" of the U.N.. It was under his initiative that Yasser Arafat, leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization (P.L.O.) is invited for the first time in the gallery of the U.N. General Assembly with a machine gun in his belt and an olive branch in hand. It was he who welcomes Algiers Argentinian terrorist Ilyich Ramirez Sanchez aka Carlos (born in 1949) after taking hostage of Ministers of O.P.E.P. in 1977.
         He irritates France and the United States. On the death of Houari Boumediene in December 1978, he is foreseen (with Colonel Mohamed Salah Yahiaoui, born in 1932) to replace him, but departed following a clever maneuver of the director of military security Kasdi Merbah, whose real name was Abdallah Khalef (1938-1993) in favor of Colonel Chadli Bendjedid (1929-2013) "the senior officer in the highest grade,
" which will lead the Algeria from 1979 to 1992.

Crossing the desert.

         In 1983, management of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is questioned by the Court of Algiers accounts claiming him 3 million French Francs for "budgetary irregularities".
He is cleared of all suspicion thereafter.
         His political career seems compromised. He is even expelled from the Central Committee of F.L.N. and forced to a discreet exile in the United Arab Emirates (E.A.U.), Switzerland and France.
         In 1987, he returned to Algeria and in 1988, he participated in the drafting of the motion in favor of the democratization of Algeria before resuming its place in the Central Committee of F.L.N. become a regular party.
         In January 1994, he is tipped to head the High Committee of the Republic (H.C.R.) but was ousted in the post by the retired general, Zeroual. In November 1998, he was named official candidate of F.L.N. for the presidential election of April 1999. While six other candidates: Hocine Ait Ahmed (1926-2015) -FFS- Mouloud Hamrouche (born 1943) -FLN-, Saad Abdallah Djaballah (born 1956) - EHHADDA-MNR-, Mokdad Sifi (born in 1940) -FLN-RDN-, if alias Hassan Youssef Khatib (born 1932) -FLN, Ahmed Taleb Ibrahimi (born 1932) -FLN- ​​withdraw from the second round to denounce fraud, he was elected the seventh President of the Algerian Republic on 15 April 1999.
         In April 2001, he faced the riots in the Berber community in Kabylia. These riots lead to the recognition by the Algerian state of the Amazigh language as a second national language alongside Arabic.
         On April 8, 2004, he was reelected president with over 83% of votes. He was reelected in the first round on 9 April 2009. Weakened by a A.V.C., he was reelected with 81.5% of votes cast on April 18, 2014.

The Arab absolute power absolutely use!

         In North Africa, it seems that love gerontocracies. Clinging to power up senile dementia, old Habib Ben Ali Bourguiba (1903-2000) almost thanked his heartthrob Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (born in 1936) to have relieved by dismissing him against his will 7 November 1987 of power for medical reasons. Unfortunately his power would end in the same dictatorial drifts on January 14, 2011.
         The political lesson of the erosion of power has hardly served Tunisians who elected the old Mohamed Beji Caid Essebsi born in 1926, former director of the National Security of Habib Bourguiba who has made a political career but one that manifests often signs of wear.
         During his first state visit of two days in Switzerland in February 2016, what was the surprise of the Swiss to hear that the Swiss Confederation was part of the European Union!
         To decorate the whole demanded that the President of the Confederation, Johann Schneider-Ammann, the Bernese speaks in French! Would he understand something with his Swiss accent speaking?
         Has he been able to interview staff of the factory milk processing milk in Ostermundigen (Bern) that is present in Tunisia through one of its subsidiaries? And the climax of the story, the TSR journalist who announced the news was of Tunisian origin!
         Fortunately, this man of 89 years has not had time to get cold!
He made me think for a political speech in Tunisia, he had dropped his dentures!
         In Africa, wisdom certainly has its advantages, but also defects that affect enormously the politics of a country.
          In Egypt I have told how until its fall in February 2011, Mohamed Hosni Mubarak (b. 1928), taking advantage of his health condition had led the country with emotion!
         Currently behind bars, he spends his time between the prison and the military hospital! But this time, he moved over the whole country, but only his wife and children.
         Today the Algerians shudder to think of the flood to the death of their President Abdelaziz Bouteflika. Yet their constitution provides for the impeachment of President of the Republic in the event of mental incapacity of the post holder.

 But  Silence please... he's still breathing !! Inshallah!

To know more :

-Vigné Octon Paul, Abdelaziz Bouteflika: la gloire et le sabre
(Abdelaziz Bouteflika, the glory of the sword), Editions A.N.E.P. 2006.
-Benchicou Mohamed, Bouteflika: Une imposture algérienne (Bouteflika: an Algerian imposture)
, J. Picollec, Paris,  2004.
-Sifaoui Mohamed, Bouteflika: Ses parrains et ses larbins (Bouteflika: Its sponsors and his lackeys)
, Editions of the East Ink, 2011.
-Geary J. Patrick, The Unifier? Abdelaziz Bouteflika and Algeria's Competitive Authoritarian Regime (
L’unificateur? Régime autoritaire competitive d’Abdelaziz Bouteflika et l'Algérie), Proquest, Umi Dissertation Publishing, 2012.
-Nezzar Khaled, Le sultanat de Bouteflika (The Sultanate of Bouteflika),
Editions A.P.I.C, (Algérie), Transordeurs, Paris, 2003.

lundi 7 mars 2016

India: It is more cheating in exams in Bihar.

When cheating in examinations becomes an art!

         In 1977, in the Department of History at the University of Lubumbashi, I had a colleague who instead of studying in his room, just out in night club as usual  and sometimes returned deaf! The next morning he went perky on examination and succeeded handily in the dismay of my promotion. Whatever the form of the examination (oral or written), he was only a few minutes in the examination room.
Our teachers especially Belgians  believe that he was very clever, but not especially inventive. While we strive to remember events and dates, helped by multiple mnemonics, he invented in his little room of the Campus, tips, and new methods to cheat.
         Thus, at an oral examination particularly difficult of an old Belgian teacher named Sylvester, he was presented with a military pants limped and  a cane. Claiming a bus accident the day before, he had no difficulty to be admitted to the examination of the old professor, who did not care to apologize! During the examination, he constantly leaned on his thigh falsely sore before answering a question.
         All responses to questions read through the gap opened by a velcro at his thigh. At the end of the exam, he closed the Velcro pants with a simple touch and came out sparkling. It was the last year of the License. A few years later, when I learned that he was appointed General Secretary of Education Graduate Institute, I understood that he had cheated certainly yet to reach that position without going through the different levels!

How to put a definitive end to cheating!

         Indian military authorities of the state of Bihar in the east, the poorest of the Indian Federation, were sick of the cheating of individuals for military recruitment. They had developed various methods to obtain anti-dry and other tricks of cheating.
         To prevent this practice become too common that allowed "buggers" and other "dunces" to integrate the Indian army, the royal road to win later employment in public administration and elsewhere.         
 On February 28, 2016, the Indian Army has ordered thousands of applicants to get in squatting underwear on an open field to Muzaffarpur to pass the written test, copies put on the floor or on the thighs. A test of both physical and intellectual. Unable to communicate the answers because of the respectable distance between the candidates and above all the military presence of the examiner, in attention in front of the troops. No need for camera surveillance and other expenses that can not afford Bihar.
         The state of Bihar, one of the poorest and most populous of India, is particularly affected by this phenomenon. This included "save time in the search of people" over a thousand candidates admitted to the competition!

The scandal came from the press sensations!

         The army had pulled it off. Everything went as planned in silence and discipline. But then the newspaper "The Indian Express" published a photo of what candidates thousand hairs, legs crossed, squatting like Buddha on their exam papers. An impressive sight especially because of the number.
         "We had no choice but to bend to the instructions we though it seemed strange," he told a puzzled candidate everyday. A spokesman of the army in New Delhi declined to comment. There is one year, a giant cheating of police recruits in the same state in India had resulted in the arrest of a thousand people.

Bihar, the region of origin of Buddhism and Jaïdism.

         The High Court of Patna, capital of Bihar, asked the defense ministry to explain this unusual step after filing, a lawyer, a request for the army. The photo of the front of an examination center in Bihar, on which were clinging relatives of candidates to blow their answers in their room, had last year a high profile in India. Cheating in contests is a common practice in India, particularly to get a public job, highly sought.
         Region of origin of Buddhism and Jainism, Bihar or Bengali with capital Patna or Pataliputra is very populous state (104 million inhabitants on 94,163 km2), underdeveloped economically, located in the east of the Indo-Gangetic plain.
         Bihar is ruled by the former lawyer Ram Nath Kovind, born in 1945, appointed on August  16, 2015 by the first President Bengali of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee (born 1950).
         This is where the lawyer Mahatma (Great Soul) Gandhi (1869-1948), later became the on his return from South Africa in 1915, began the "Satyagraha" or resistance movement oppression through mass civil disobedience, based on ahimsa or "non-violence".
         His political philosophy of "non-violence" inspired Nelson Mandela (1918-2013) for the political liberation of South Africa from apartheid.

The second military power in Asia.

         The Indian Army created in 1942 has 1,125,000 members cant, 1155.000 1.293 million reservists and paramilitaries. Its budget amounts to 46.8 billion US dollars by 2020, military spending in India is expected to exceed those of the United Kingdom, France or Japan. Except China,  Indian Army is the largest of any country other Asian countries.